Class 9 Geography Chapter 1 Notes- India- Size and Location

In Class 9 Geography Chapter 1 Notes we study India’s size and location and India’s neighbour. India Size and Location class 9 notes are provided by our Mentors. Class 9th geography chapter 1 notes is part of our NCERT Notes. We also provide Class 9 geography chapter 1 notes pdf in the end you can download that also. let’s begin with Class 9 Geography Chapter 1 Notes- India- Size and Location.


  • India lies entirely in the Northern Hemisphere.
  • The mainland extends between latitudes 8°4’N and 37°6’N and longitudes 68°7’E and 97°25’E.
  • The Tropic of Cancer (23° 30’N) divides the country into almost two equal parts.
  • To the southeast of the mainland- Andaman and Nicobar islands in the Bay of Bengal.
  • To the southwest of the mainland- Lakshadweep islands in the Arabian Sea.


  • The land mass of India has an area of 3.28 million square km.
  • India’s total area accounts for about 2.4 per cent of the total geographical area of the world.
  • India is the seventh largest country in the world.
  • India has a land boundary of about 15,200 km
  • The total length of the coastline of the mainland, including Andaman and Nicobar and Lakshadweep, is 7,516.6 km.
  • India is bounded by the young fold mountains (The Himalayas) in the northwest, north and northeast. Arabian Sea on the west and the Bay of Bengal on the east.
  • From Gujarat to Arunachal Pradesh, there is a time lag of two hours.
  • Standard time- Standard Meridian of India (82°30’E) passing through Mirzapur (in Uttar Pradesh)
  • The latitudinal extent influences the duration of day and night, as one move from south to north.

RaCUCBAI- Russia, Canada, USA, China, Brazil, Australia, India

India And The World

  • India is a southward extension of the Asian continent.
  • The Indian landmass has a central location between East and West Asia.
  • The trans-Indian Ocean routes, which connect the countries of Europe in the West and the countries of East Asia, provide a strategic central location to India.
  • The Deccan Peninsula protrudes into the Indian Ocean, thus helping India establish close contact with West Asia, Africa and Europe from the western coast and Southeast and East Asia from the eastern shore.
  • India has the longest coastline in the Indian Ocean, which justifies naming an Ocean after it.
  • India’s relationships through the land routes are much older than her maritime contacts.

India’s Neighbours

  • India occupies an important strategic position in South Asia.
  • India has 28 states and 8 Union Territories
  • Land boundary shared by India
    • North – China (Tibet), Nepal and Bhutan
    • Northwest – Pakistan and Afghanistan
    • East – Myanmar and Bangladesh
    • South – Sri Lanka and Maldives:- (Sri Lanka is separated from India by a narrow channel of sea formed by the Palk Strait and the Gulf of Mannar, while Maldives Islands are situated to the south of the Lakshadweep Islands.)

Class 9 Geography Chapter 1 Notes- Do You Know?

  • The southernmost point of the Indian Union– ‘Indira Point’ got submerged under seawater in 2004 during the Tsunami.
  • Since the opening of the Suez Canal in 1869, India’s distance from Europe
  • has been reduced by 7,000 km.

Find Out

  • Why 82°30’E has been selected as the Standard Meridian of India?
  • Why is the difference between the durations of day and night hardly felt at Kanniyakumari but not so in Kashmir?
  • The number of Union Territories along the western and eastern coasts.
  • Area-wise which is the smallest and which is the largest state?
  • The states which do not have an international border or lie on the coast.
  • Classify the states into four groups each having common frontiers with
    • (i) Pakistan, (ii) China, (iii) Myanmar, and (iv) Bangladesh.

India- Size and Location Class 9 Notes Pdf

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Class 9 Geography Chapter 1 Notes

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