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UPSC Prelims 2023

UPSC Prelims is the first stage of the UPSC civil services exam.  This is officially known as the civil services preliminary exam but in common aspirants refer to it as UPSC Prelims,  IAS prelims, or UPSC pre. UPSC Civil Services Prelims Examination is comprised of two compulsory Papers of 200 marks each. The structure of the UPSC Prelims Paper is given below:-

PaperSubjectsTotal MarksDuration
IGeneral Studies (GS)2002 hours (9:30 AM to 11:30 AM)
IICSAT2002 hours (2:30 PM to 4:30 PM)

Important articles for IAS Prelims Exam

UPSC Prelims SyllabusUPSC Prelims PYQP
UPSC Prelims StrategyUPSC CSAT Paper

UPSC Mains Exam 2023

It is the 2nd Phase of the UPSC Civil Services Examination. IAS aspirants who clear the Prelims are eligible to appear for the UPSC Main exam. This exam is designed to check the intellectual traits and depth of understanding of candidates. UPSC IAS Mains Exam Pattern is given below

PaperSubjectMarks
Paper-IEssay (can be written in the medium of the candidate’s choice)250
Paper-IIGeneral Studies – I (Indian Heritage & Culture, History & Geography of the World & Society)250
Paper-IIIGeneral Studies – II (Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice & International Relations)250
Paper-IVGeneral Studies – III (Technology, Economic Development, Biodiversity, Security & Disaster Management)250
Paper-VGeneral Studies – IV (Ethics, Integrity & Aptitude)250
Paper-VIOptional Subject – Paper I250
Paper-VIIOptional Subject – Paper II250

Important articles for UPSC IAS Mains Exam 2023

UPSC IAS Mains SyllabusUPSC CSE Mains Exam Pattern
UPSC CSE Mains PYQPSolved Paper for UPSC IAS Mains Exam
UPSC Civil Service Mains BooklistUPSC IAS Mains Exam Strategy
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UPSC IAS Optional 2023

The optional subject plays an important role to crack UPSC CSE Exam.

Important articles for UPSC IAS Mains Optional Exam

UPSC IAS Mains Optional Subject ListHow to Choose Optional Subjects for UPSC Exam?
Best Scoring Optional for IAS ExamOptional Strategy

Important Topics For UPSC IAS Preparation 2023

Detailed Syllabus or topic-wise syllabus for UPSC exam 2023 gives UPSC aspirants a direction on what to study for UPSC CSE Exam. It will help them to crack the UPSC IAS exam.

PREHISTORIC TIMES

  • Periodization of Indian Pre History
  • Sources of Pre History
  • Palaeolithic Or Old Stone
  • Mesolithic Or Middle Stone Age
  • Neolithic Age Or New Stone Age
  • Chalcolithic Age
  • Major Chalcolithic Cultures
  • Early Iron Age
  • Geographical Distribution and Characteristics

INDUS VALLEY CIVILIZATION

  • IVC Geography and Archaeological Findings
    • Major cities
    • Town Planning
  • IVC Society and Culture
    • Script and Language
    • Crafts
    • Religions
    • Seals and Images
  • IVC Economy
    • Harappan Trade
    • Agriculture
    • Domestication of animals
    • Weights and Measures
  • The decline of Harappan Culture

RIG VEDIC PERIOD

  • Sources for Reconstructing Vedic Society and Culture
  • Geography of the Rig Vedic Period – Area of Settlement
  • Political Organisation and Evolution of Monarchy
  • Social Organization
  • Economy
  • Religious Practices and Culture

LATER VEDIC PERIOD

  • Geography of the later Vedic Phases – Area of Settlement
  • Political System
  • Social Organisation and Varna System
  • Economy
  • Religious Practices and Culture

JAINISM

  • Birth and Life of Mahavira (540- 468 B.C.)
  • Teachings of Mahavira
  • Organisation and Sects of Jainism
  • Literature of Jainism
  • Councils, Spread and Royal Patrons

BUDDHISM

  • Birth and Life of Buddha (563-483 BC)
  • Teachings of Buddha
  • Organisation and Sects of Buddhism
  • Literature of Buddhism
  • Councils, Spread of and Royal Patronage
  • Causes for the Decline

MAHAJANAPADAS PERIOD

  • Republics and Monarchies
  • 16 Mahajanapadas
  • Magadha
  • Key Dynasties
    • Haryanka dynasty
    • Shishunaga Dynasty
    • Nanda Dynasty
  • Persian Invasions
  • Alexander’s Invasion
  • Society and Rise of urban centres
  • Economy
  • System of Administration

MAURYAN EMPIRE

  • Sources: Inscriptions and Sites and 
    Literary Sources (The Arthasastra)
  • Rulers and Political History of the Mauryas
    • Chandragupta and Bindusara
    • Megasthenes
    • Asoka and His Successors
  • Asoka’s Inscriptions and Sites
  • Asokan Reign
  • Asoka and Buddhism
  • Asoka Policy of Dhamma
  • Mauryan Administration
  • Foreign Relations
  • Decline of the Mauryas

POST-MAURYAN INDIA

  • Society: Evolution of Jatis
  • Satavahanas
  • Sungas and Kanvas
  • Sakas
  • Kushanas
  • Kanishka

GUPTA PERIOD

  • Sources of Gupta Rule
  • Rulers and Political history of Guptas Chronology
  • Foreign Travellers Visit – Fahien’s Visit
  • Gupta Administration
  • Other Important Dynasties
  • Society Religion and Culture
  • Urban centres in Gupta period
  • Economy
  • Science and Technology
  • Literature
  • Later Guptas
  • Other Important Dynasties

HARSHAVARDHANA PERIOD

  • Harsha Military Conquests
  • Harsha and Buddhism
  • Administration
  • Society and Culture
  • Economy

SANGAM PERIOD (SOUTH INDIAN DYNASTIES)

  • Sangam Literature
  • South Indian Dynasties
    • Cholas
    • Cheras
    • Pandyas
  • Sangam Polity, Society and Culture
  • Economy of Sangam Period
  • Foreign Dynasties                                   
  • Commercial Contacts with the Outside World
  • Schools of Art

MAJOR DYNASTIES (750-1200) OF EARLY MEDIEVAL INDIA

  • The Pratiharas (8th to 10th Century)
  • The Palas (8th to 11th Century)
  • The Tripartite Conflict
  • The Senas (11th to 12th Century)
  • The Rajaputas
  • Pallavas
  • Chalukyas
  • Rashtrakutas
  • Indian Feudalism
  • Administration
  • Society and Culture
  • Economy and the decline of Trade

CHOLAS AND OTHER SOUTH INDIAN KINGDOMS

  • Chola Rulers and Political History
  • Chola Administration
  • Socio-Economic Life
  • Education and Literature
  • The Cheras (9th to 12th Century)
  • The Yadavas (12th to 13th Century)
  • Contact with South-East Asia

EARLY MUSLIM INVASIONS

  • The Arab Conquest of Sindh
  • Mahmud of Ghazni
  • Muhammad Ghori

THE DELHI SULTANATE (1206-1526 AD)

  • Slave Dynasty
  • Khalji Dynasty (1290-1320 AD)
  • Tughlaq Dynasty (1320-1414 AD)
  • Provincial Kingdoms and Resistance 
    by Indian Chiefs
  • Sayyid Dynasty
  • Lodi Dynasty
  • Attacks by Mongolas and other Turks
  • Administration
  • Economy
  • Urbanization
  • Society and Culture
  • Scientific Knowledge and legal System
  • Challenges leading to the decline of the Sultanate

STRUGGLE FOR EMPIRE IN NORTH INDIA (AFGHANS, RAJPUTS AND MUGHALS)

  • Struggle between Ibrahim Lodi and Babur
  • The Battle of Panipat
  • Babur’s problems after the Battle of Panipat
  • Struggle with RanaSanga
  • Problems of the Eastern Areas and the Afghans
  • Babur’s Contribution and Significance of his Advent into India
  • Humayun and the Afghans
  • Early Activities of Humayun, and the Tussle with Bahadur Shah
  • The Gujarat Campaign
  • The Bengal Campaign, and Struggle with Sher Khan

THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE NORTH INDIAN EMPIRE

  • Social and Political Background of Bihar  and the Rise of Sher Shah to Power
  • The Sur Empire (1540-56)
  • Contributions of Sher Shah
  • Coinage
  • Architecture

CONSOLIDATION AND EXPANSION OF THE EMPIRE – AKBAR

  • Conflict with the Afghans – Hemu
    • 2nd Battle of Panipat
  • Struggle with the Nobility: Bairam Khan’s Regency; Revolt of Uzbek Nobles
  • Early Expansion of the Empire (1560-76) – Malwa, Garh-Katanga, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Eastern India
  • Relations with the Rajputs – Growth of a Composite Ruling Class
  • Rebellions, and Further Expansion of the Empire in the North West

STATE AND GOVERNMENT UNDER AKBAR

  • Akbar’s Concept of Suzerainty
  • Structure of Government, Central and 
    Provincial -the Vikalat, the Central Ministries, Provincial
  • Government, District and Local Government
  • The Working of Government – the Ruler, Land-Revenue System, the Dahsala System, the Mansabdari System and the Army

AKBAR’S RELIGIOUS VIEWS

  • Relations with the Ulama and Social Reforms
  • The Early Phase (1556-73)
  • The Second Phase (1573-80) – the Ibadat Khana
  • Debates – the Mahzar – Breach with Orthodox
  • Ulama – Re-organisation of Madadd-i-Maash Grants
  • Third or Final Phase – Din-i-Ilahi – State
  • Policies and religious toleration

THE DECCAN AND THE MUGHALS (UP TO 1657)

  • The Deccani States up to 1595
  • Mughal Advance towards the Deccan
  • Mughal Conquest of Berar, Khandesh and Parts of Ahmadnagar
  • Rise of Malik Ambar Mughal Attempt at Consolidation (1601-27)
  • Extinction of Ahmadnagar,Acceptance of Mughal
  • Suzerainty by Bijapur and Golconda
  • Shah Jahan and the Deccan (1636-57)
  • Cultural Contribution of the Deccani States

FOREIGN POLICY OF THE MUGHALS

  • Akbar and the Uzbeks
  • The Question of Qandahar and Relations with Iran
  • Shah Jahan’s Balkh Campaign
  • Mughal – Persian Relations – the Last Phase

INDIA IN THE FIRST HALF OF THE SEVENTEENTH CENTURY

  • Jahangir’s Accession – his Early Difficulties
  • Territorial Consolidation and Expansion of the Empire – Mewar, East India and Kangra
  • NurJahan, and the NurJahan ‘Junta’ The Rebellions of Shah Jahan, 
    and the coup de main of Mahabat Khan
  • Jahangir as a Ruler
  • State and Religion in the First Half of the Seventeenth Century
  • Shah Jahan – Consolidation and Expansion of the Empire
  • Evolution of the Mughal Ruling Class and the Mansabdari System

CLIMAX AND CRISIS OF THE MUGHAL EMPIRE: THE MARATHAS AND THE DECCAN

  • Rise of the Marathas – Early Career of Shivaji
  • Treaty of Purandar – the Agra Visit
  • Aurangzeb and the Deccani States (1658-87)
  • Marathas and the Decean (1687-1707)
  • Assessment of Aurangzeb and the Jagirdari Crisis

THE MARATHA AND OTHER INDIAN STATES AND SOCIETY IN THE 18TH CENTURY

  • The Marathas and their Policy of Expansion
  • The Marathas and Nizam-ul-Mulk
  • The Maratha Advance into Gujarat and Malwa
  • The Maratha Advance into Doab and Punjab:
  • First Phase (1741-52); Second Phase (1752-61);
  • Third Battle of Panipat
  • Shivaji (1627-1680)
  • Shivaji’s administration
  • Successors of Shivaji
  • The Peshwas (1713-1818)
  • Other Indian States ( The Bhonsles The Gaikwads Holkars Sindhias)
  • Economic Condition in 18th Century
  • Social and Cultural Life

VIJAYANAGAR EMPIRE

  • Sources
  • Political History
  • Administration
  • Social and Cultural Life
  • Economic Condition
  • Conflicts with the Bahmani Kingdom

REGIONAL STATES IN THE MEDIEVAL PERIOD

  • Regional States of North and South India (Bahmani, Bengal, Avadh, The Sikhs, Rajput States Jats Hyderabad Mysore)
  • Social and Cultural Conditions
  • Economic Conditions
  • Military Conditions

NORTHERN INDIA IN THE FIRST HALF OF THE EIGHTEENTH CENTURY

  • Bahadur Shah I, and the Beginning of the Struggle For Wizarat
  • Rajput Affairs
  • Marathas and the Deccan – Accentuation of the Party Struggle
  • Struggle for ‘New’ Wizarat: Zulfiqar Khan and Jahandar Shah (1712-13)
  • The Saiyid Brothers’ Struggle for ‘New’ Wizarat
  • The Saiyid ‘New’ Wizarat
  • The Wizarat of M. Amin Khan and Nizam-ul-Mulk
  • Rise of Regional States, Beginning of Foreign Invasions of India (1725-48)

SOCIETY-STRUCTURE AND GROWTH

  • Rural Society
  • Towns and Town Life
  • Artisans and Master-Craftsmen
  • Women
  • Servants and Slaves
  • Standard of Living
  • The Ruling Classes – Nobility, Rural Gentry
  • The Middle Strata
  • The Commercial Classes

ECONOMIC LIFE-PATTERNS AND PROSPECTS

  • Inland Trade
  • Overseas Trade – Role of Foreign Trading
  • Companies – Position of Indian Merchants Over-land Trade
  • The Mughal State and Commerce
  • Trend of India’s Economy and Prospects during the First Half of the Eighteenth Century

THE ADVENT OF EUROPEANS IN INDIA

  • The Portuguese in India
  • De Almeida
  • Albuquerque
  • Causes of failure of Portuguese empire in India
  • The Dutch in India
  • The Danes in India
  • The English
  • The French
  • Anglo-French Rivalry
  • First Carnatic War
  • Rise of the Hyderahad State
  • The Second Carnatic War
  • The Third Carnatic War
  • Causes of English Succes

BRITISH EXPANSION IN INDIA

  • Bengal
  • Anglo Maratha Wars
  • The Subsidiary Alliance System
  • Second Phase of British 
    Expansion In India                                 
  • The Conquest of Sindh
  • Anglo-Sikh Wars
  • Doctrine of Lapse
  • Annexation of Oudh

ADMINISTRATION BEFORE 1857

  • The Dual System
  • The Charter Acts
  • Judicial System
  • Impact of British Administration

ECONOMIC POLICIES OF THE BRITISH

  • Phase of Mercantilism (1757-1813)
  • Phase of Free Trade (1813-1858)
  • Phase of Finance Imperialism (1858 onwards)
  • Land Revenue Policy                             
    • Ryotwari                                   
    • Mahalwari
    • Permanent Settlement
  • Impact of British Policy on Indian Economy
  • Drain of Wealth Theory

IMPACT OF BRITISH ADMINISTRATION

  • Industrialization—Ruin of Artisans and Handicrafts men
  • Impoverishment of Peasantry
  • Emergence of New Land Relations, Ruin of Old Zamindars
  • Stagnation and Deterioration of Agriculture
  • Commercialization of Indian Agriculture
  • Development of Modern Industry
  • Rise of Indian Bourgeoisie
  • Economic Drain
  • Famine and Poverty
  • Nationalist Critique of Colonial Economy
  • Abolition of the Dual System

THE REVOLT OF 1857

  • Causes of the Revolt
    • Economic Causes
    • Political Causes
    • Administrative Causes
    • Socio -Religious Causes
    • Influence of Outside Events
    • Discontent Among Sepoy’s
  • Centres and Spread of the Revolt
  • Leaders of the Revolt
  • Causes of Failure of the Revolt
  • Nature and Impact of the Revolt
  • Consequences

ADMINISTRATIVE CHANGES AFTER 1857

  • Administration – Central, Provincial, Local
  • Changes in the Army
  • Public Services
  • Princely States
  • Foreign Policy

DEVELOPMENT OF CIVIL SERVICES

  • Indian Civili Services Act, 1861
  • Aitcision Comminittee on Public Services (1886)
  • Montford Reforms (1919)
  • Lee Commission (1924)
  • Government of India Act, 1935

DEVELOPMENT OF EDUCATION

  • Charter Act of 1813
  • Orientalist-Anglicism Controversy
  • Efforts of Thomson
  • Wood’s Dispatch (1854) Hunter Education Commission (1882-83)
  • Indian Universities Act, 1904
  • Government Resolution on Education Policy—1913
  • Saddler University Commission (1917-19)
  • Education Under Dyarchy
  • Hartog Committee (1929)
  • Wardha Scheme of Basic Education (1937)
  • Sergeant Plan of Education
  • Kothari Education Commission (1964-66)
  • Development of Vernacular Education
  • Development of Technical Education
  • Evaluation of British Policy on Education

DEVELOPMENT OF PRESS

  • Different Publications and Journals
  • Acts related to Press
    • Vernacular Press Act, 1878
  • Struggle by Early Nationalists to 
    Secure Press Freedom ,
  • During and After the First World War
  • During the Second World War
  • After Independence

SOCIO-RELIGIOUS REFORMS

  • Factors causing Reforms
  • Directions of refroms
  • Hindu Reform Movements
  • Reform Movements Among Muslims
  • Sikh Reform Movement
  • Parsi Reform Movement
    • Parsi Religious Reform Association               
  • Significance of Reform Movements
  • Impact of Reform Movements

PERSONALITIES

  • Raja Ram Mohan Roy
  • Swami Vivekananda
  • Swami DayanandaSaraswati
  • Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar
  • Keshab Chandra Sen
  • Sri Ramakrishna Paramhamsa
  • Mahadev Govind Ranade
  • Annie Besant–Theosophical Society  
  • Syed Ahmad Khan
  • Baba Dayal Das                                     
  • Pandita Ramabai Sarojini Naidu
  • Jyotiba Phule
  • Dr.Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar

PEASANT, TRIBAL AND OTHER MOVEMENTS

  • Tribal Movements
    • Bhil Uprising
    • Kol Uprising
    • Santhal Rebellion
    • Jaintia and Garo Rebellion
    • Rampa Rebellion
    • Munda Rebellion
    • Khonda Dora Uprisings
    • Tana Bhagat Movement
  • Peasant Movements
    • Champaran Satyagraha
    • Kheda Peasant Struggle
    • Bardoli Movement
    • Moplah Rebellion
    • Tebhaga Movement
    • Telangana Movement

REVOLUTIONARY NATIONALISM

  • Early Phase Indian National Congress
  • The Moderate Congress (1885-1905)
  • Opinion Against Economic Exploitation Administrative Reforms Constitutional Reforms : Weaknesses & Evaluation
  • The Extremist (1905-1920)
    • Terrorist Movements
    • The Revolutionary Movement
    • Reasons for Failure
    • Revolutionary Activities in Maharashtra
    • Revolutionary Activities in Bengal
    • Revival of Revolutionary Nationalism
    • Surya Sen
    • Revolutionary Activities Outside India
    • The Indian Independence Committee in Berlin
  • Differences between the Moderates and the Extremists

INDIAN NATIONAL MOVEMENT – I (1905-1918)

  • Partition of Bengal (1905)
  • Swadeshi Movement
  • Muslim League, 1906
  • Surat Session of INC, 1907
  • Indian Council Act (Morley-Minto Act) 1909
  • Ghadar Party, 1913
  • Komagata Maru Incident 1914
  • The Lucknow Pact (1916)
  • Home Rule Movement (1915–1916)
  • August Declaration, 1917

INDIAN NATIONAL MOVEMENT –II (1918-1929)

  • World War I-Reforms and Agitation
  • Champaran Satyagraha (1917)
  • Ahmadabad Mill Strike (1918)
  • Kheda Satyagraha (1918)
  • The Government of India Act, 1919
  • Rowlatt Act and Jallianwala Bagh 
    Massacre (1919)
  • Khilafat Movement
  • The Non-Cooperation Movement (1920-22)
  • Bardoli Resolution
  • Nagpur Session of Congress
  • Swaraj Party and its Evaluation
  • Muddiman Committee (1924)
  • Simon Commission (1927)
  • Bardoli Satyagraha (1928)
  • Nehru Report (1928)
  • Jinnah’s Fourteen Points
  • Lahore Session, 1929
  • Allahabad Address (1930)

INDIAN NATIONAL MOVEMENT – III (1930-1947)

  • Civil Disobedience Movement (1930-1931)
  • First Round Table Conference, 1930
  • Gandhi-Irwin Pact, 1931
  • Karachi session of 1931
  • Second Round Table Conference, 1931
  • Civil Disobedience Movement (Second-Phase)
  • Third Round Table Conference (17 November 1932)
  • Communal Award
  • Poona Pact, 1932
  • Government of India Act, 1935
  • World War II and Indian Nationalism
  • Resignation of Congress Ministers (1939)
  • Poona Resolution and Conditional Support to Britain (1941)
  • August Offer of 1940
  • The Individual Civil Disobedience
  • Two-Nation Theory
  • Demand for Pakistan (1942)
  • Cripps Mission (1942)
  • Quit India Movement
  • Azad Hind Fauj
  • Indian National Army
  • N.A. Trials
  • I.N. Rebellion
  • Rajagopalachari Formula, 1945
  • Desai – Liaqat Pact
  • Cabinet Mission (1946)
  • Wavell Plan
  • Jinnah’s Direct Action Resolution
  • Mountbatten Plan of June 1947
  • Indian Independence Act 1947

GOVERNOR GENERALS DURING BRITISH INDIA

  • Governor of Bengal (Before 1773)
  • Governor Generals of Bengal (1773-1833)
  • Governor Generals of India (1832-1858)
  • Viceroy and Governor Generals of India (1858-1947)

LIST

  • Robert Clive (1754-1767)
  • Lord Warren Hastings (1773-1785)
  • Lord Cornwallis (1786-1793)
  • Sir John Shore (1793-1798)
  • Lord Arthur Wellesley (1798-1805)
  • Lord George Barlow (1805-1807)
  • Lord Minto-I (1807-1813)
  • Francis Rawdon Hastings (1813-1823): (Marques of Hastings)       
  • Lord Amherst (1823-28)
  • Lord William Bentinck (1828-1835)
  • Sir Charles Metcalfe (1835-1836)
  • Lord Auckland (1836-1842)
  • Lord Ellenborough (1842-1844)
  • Lord Hardinge-I (1844-1848)
  • Lord Dalhousie (1848-1856 great imperialist and colonist)
  • Lord Canning (1856-1857 and 1858-1862)
  • Lord Elgin-I (1862-1863)
  • Lord Lawrence (1864-1869)
  • Lord Mayo (1869-1872)
  • Lord Northbrook (1872-1876)
  • Lord Lytton (1876-1880)
  • Lord Rippon (1880-1884)
  • Lord Dufferin (1884-1888)
  • Lord Lansdowne (1888-1894)
  • Lord Elgin-II (1894-1999)
  • Lord Curzon (1899-1905)
  • Lord Minto-II (1905-1910)
  • Lord Hardinge-II (1910-1916)
  • Lord Chelmsford (1916-1921)
  • Lord Reading (1921-1926)
  • Lord Irwin (1926-1931)
  • Lord Willingdon (1931-1936)
  • Lord Linlithgow (1936-1944)
  • Lord Wavell (1944-1947)
  • Lord Mountbatten (1947-1948)

CONSTITUTIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN INDIA

  • Regulating Act 1773
  • Pitts India Act of 1784
  • Charter Act of 1793
  • Charter Act of 1813
  • Charter Act of 1833
  • Charter Act of 1853
  • Government of India Act 1858
  • The Indian Councils Act 1861
  • Indian Councils Act 1892
  • Indian Councils Act 1909 or Morley – Minto Reforms Government of India Act 1919 or Montague – Chelmsford Reforms
  • Government of India Act 1935
  • Indian Independence Act, 1947

CHALLENGES BEFORE INDIA AFTER INDEPENDENCE

  • Communal Riots and Regions most affected
  • Partition and then Independence: Punjab, Bengal and Assam, Sindh
  • Radcliff Commission and challenges before boundary commission
  • Radcliff Commission and its composition
  • Drawbacks of Commission
  • Division of sources
  • Finances
  • Defence personnel and equipment
  • Civil government
  • Assassination of Gandhi
  • Resettlement and Rehabilitation of Refugees
  • Shift to Constitutional Democracy

THE INDIAN STATES

  • Policy of Equal Federation (1935-1947)
  • Plan of consolidation
  • Integration of Princely States: Junagadh, Kashmir and Hyderabad
  • Aftermath of Integration
  • Goa and Pondicherry
  • Tribal Integration
  • Roots of India Tribal Policy
  • Reasons for dismal performance of Tribal Policy
  • Positive Development happened due to state’s Initiative since 1947
  • Issue of language
  • The Official Language
  • Features of Official Language Act

FRAMING OF THE CONSTITUTION OF INDIA

  • Evolution of the Constitution and main provisions
  • Steps to the Constitution
  • Constitutional Developments
  • The Indian Constitution: Main Provisions
  • The Constituent Assembly
  • Formation of the Constituent Assembly
  • Compulsions and Issues in front of Assembly

FROM COLONY TO DEMOCRACY

  • Challenge of building democracy
  • Challenges before ECI and conduction of first general election
  • Starting of one party dominance
  • Dominance of Congress System
  • Nature of Congress Dominance
  • 1967 elections
  • Split in the Congress
  • Emergence of Opposition Parties
  • Role of opposition parties
  • Various opposition parties

ECONOMIC CONSOLIDATION

  • Economic Development and Planning
  • Ideas of Development
  • Planning
  • Formation of Planning Commission
  • First five year plan
  • Second five year plan
  • Achievements of Plans from 1947 to 1965
  • Key controversies regarding 5 year plans
  • Green Revolution
  • Prevailing Conditions before the introduction of Green Revolution
  • Initiatives prior to Green Revolution to boost Agriculture
  • Government’s other positive initiative during Green Revolution Period
  • Positive and negative impact of Green Revolution
  • Operation Flood and Cooperatives
  • Formation of Amul
  • Starting and impact of Operation Flood
  • Limitations of Co-operativization
  • Development of land reforms in India between 1947 and early 1960’s
  • Abolition of intermediaries
  • Tenancy reforms
  • Ceiling on land holdings
  • Bhoodan Movement
  • Aims and advantages of Bhoodan movement

INDIA’S EXTERNAL RELATIONS

  • Evolution of India’s Foreign Policy
  • Strategic Issues
  • Features of Indian Foreign Policy
  • Emergence of NAM and its Summits
  • Organizational structure & membership
  • India and its neighbours
  • India and China
  • India and Pakistan (Indo-Pak War, Kargil War, Shimla Agreement, Tashkent Declaration and Agra Summit)
  • India and Bangladesh (Creation of Bangladesh)
  • India and Sri Lanka
  • India with Nepal and Bhutan
  • India’s relations with USA and USSR during cold war
  • Analysis of Nehruvian Foreign Policy

THE CRISIS OF DEMOCRATIC ORDER

  • The JP movement and Emergency 1975-77: Testing of Indian democracy tested
  • Background to emergency (Economic context, Gujarat and Bihar movements, Conflict with Judiciary)                                                   
  • Declaration of emergency (Crisis and Response)
  • Controversies regarding emergency
  • Lessons from emergency
  • Politics after Emergency (LS elections 1977 and Janata Party)
  • The Opposition: Initial years of BJP
  • The Naxalite Movement
  • Communalism
  • Secularism and democracy
  • Ayodhya dispute: Demolition and after
  • Communalism and use of state power
  • Revival and growth of communalism
  • Anti-muslim riots in Gujarat
  • The Punjab Crisis
  • Operation Blue Star
  • Demand of Khalistan
  • Basis of Regionalism: Politics in the states
  • Roots of tension
  • Challenges of Regionalism
  • Tamil Nadu (Dravidian Movement), Andhra Pradesh, Assam, West Bengal and J&K (external and internal disputes)                                                    
  • Secessionist movement in North-Eastern states
  • Accommodation and National Integration

POPULAR MOVEMENTS

  • Nature of Popular Movements
  • Environment Movements
  • Chipko Movement
  • Narmada Bachao Andalon (Sardar Sarovar Project, Debates and struggles)
  • Party based Movement and Non-party based movements
  • Caste, Untouchability, Anti-caste politics and strategies      
  • Issues of Dalit
  • Dalit panthers: Origin and their activities
  • Agrarian Struggles
  • Bharatiya Kisan Union: Growth and its characteristics
  • National Fish Worker’s Forum
  • Anti-Arrack Movement: Origin and its linkage
  • Indian Women since Independence
  • Lesson from popular movements

RECENT DEVELOPMENTS IN INDIAN POLITICS

  • Context of the 1990s
  • Era of Coalition
  • Decline of Congress
  • Alliance politics
  • Political Rise of other Backward Classes
  • Mandal Implemented: The Mandal Commission
  • Political fallouts
  • NEP-1991, LPG policy, Tax reforms, Privatisation, Globalisation and ICT
  • Nuclear policy
  • Emergence of new consensus
  • LS Elections 2004
  • Terrorist troubles and relations with Pakistan

INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION

  • Decline of feudalism
  • Beginning of Renaissance
  • Pre-industrial Europe
  • Factors that led to industrial revolution and its Impact

FRENCH REVOLUTION

  • Causes of the revolution in France
  • France under Napoleon
  • Impact and Significance of revolution

NATIONALISM IN EUROPE

  • Rise of the nation- state system
  • Unification of Italy and Germany

COLONIALISM AND IMPERIALISM

  • Colonialism and its Analysis
  • The age of Imperialism (1870-1914)
  • Imperialism in Asia

EMERGENCE OF USA

  • Foundation of American Colonies
  • The Independence of USA
  • The American Revolutionary War and its impact
  • Political Effects of the Revolution
  • How did the American Revolution influence the French Revolution?

WORLD WAR-I

  • Causes and Course of the war             
  • Consequences of World War I
  • Aftermath of World War I
  • League of Nations

RUSSIAN REVOLUTION

  • Major events in pre-revolution Russia
  • Causes and Course of revolution
  • Consequences and Aftermath of the war
  • Post-Lenin Russia

INTER-WAR YEARS (1919 TO 1939)

  • The Great Depression- an economic perspective
  • Rise of Fascism in Italy & Nazism in Germany
  • Soviet Union (USSR)

WORLD WAR- II

  • Causes &Course of the war
  • Aftermath &Analysis of the war
  • Decolonization Phase

DEVELOPMENT IN MIDDLE EAST

  • Democratic reforms in Middle East
  • Arab nationalism
  • Israel and Palestine

COLD WAR ERA

  • Impact in India
  • Indian Policy

POST COLD-WAR WORLD

  • Global issues since 1991
  • Integration of Europe
  • Rise of global Islamic terrorism
  • Rise of China

COMMUNISM, SOCIALISM AND CAPITALISM

  • Capitalism (concept, types and example)
  • Communism (concept, types, example)
  • Relevance of capitalism in present era

CULTURE AND HERITAGE OF INDIA

  • Aims and objectives of performing arts and their development through various stages.
  • Utility of performing arts during the ancient and the medieval period.
  • Appreciate the contribution of classical dances, folk music as well as folk dances in Indian culture and Challenges faced by performing Arts  
  • Development of drama through various phases in India and recognize the contribution of folk theatre
  • Examine the importance of the three art forms in the development of human personality.   
  • Religious and secular Art in India

MUSIC

  • Evolution of Indian Music
  • Contribution of Some personalities : Amir Khusro, Mohammad Shah
  • Hindustani Music evolution, features and impact  
  • Carnatic Music evolution, features and impact
  • Hindustani and Carnatic music differences and similarities
  • Regional music and its impact
  • Modern Music

DANCE

  • Tracing Evolution of Dance (Rig Veda, Harappa, Nataraja)
  • Classical Dances of India, their evolution and Theme
  • Well known Classical dancers of India.
  • Themes in Indian folk dances

DRAMA

  • Introduction ( Natyashastra)
  • Evolution of Drama in India
  • Various texts relating to Drama period wise (ex Mahabhasya, mrichhakatika)
  • Famous Modern Dramas and Dramatists.

LANGUAGES & LITERATURE

  • Vedic Literature
  • Tamil language and Sangam Literature
  • Classical languages : Evolution & impact on society
  • Trends in Medieval Literature
  • Modern Indian Literature

ARCHITECTURE IN INDIA

  • Architectural Style of Harappan Civilisation
  • Influence of Buddhism and Jainism on Indian architecture
    • Stupas, Chaityas and Viharas
  • Impact of Persian and Greek invasion on Indian culture
  • Mauryan Architecture (322-182 BC)
  • Post Mauryan Architecture
  • Gandhara and Mathura school of Art
  • Cultural development during Gupta Age
  • Temple Architecture and Sculptures
    • Nagara and Dravida Styles
    • Early Temples
    • Rock Cut temples
    • Monolithic Temples
    • Free Standing Temples
  • Pallavas as great temple builders
  • Emergence of Nalanda as centre of learning
  • Medieval Period architecture
    • Delhi Sultanate
    • Regional Kingdoms ( Mandu, Jaunpuretc)
    • Vijaynagara Architecture
    • Mughal Architecture
  • Indo Islamic Architecture
  • Colonial Architecture
  • Utility of Architectural structures today and in Past
  • Conservation and Preservation of Architectural Structures
  • Spread of Indian Culture to Southeast Asia

BRONZE SCULPTURES IN INDIA

  • Harappan “Dancing Girl”
  • Jain Tirthankaras Bronze Images
  • Buddha bronze Images (ex Guptas and Vakatakas)
  • Pala school of Art (Bronze images, Manuscripts)
  • Pallava Bronze Images
  • Chola Bronzes
  • Nataraja

PAINTINGS IN INDIA

  • Prehistoric Rock Paintings
  • Ancient Period
    • Murals Paintings
    • Bagh Caves
    • Sittanavasal Paintings
    • Armamalai caves
  • Medieval Period
    • Pala school of miniature paintings
    • Mughal miniature paintings (synthesis           of Indian and Persian style)
    • Role of Akbar and his successors
    • Development of Pahari, Rajput and Deccan Paintings
    • Theme of paintings in Medieval period
  • Modern Period
    • Bengal school of Art
    • Renaissance or revivalist painting
    • Madras School of Art
  • Decorative Art
    • Madhubani
    • Kalamkari
    • Kalighat
    • Warli
    • Pattachitra
    • Theme of decorative paintings in India
  • Theatre Forms of India
    • Significance of Traditional folk theatre in India
    • Different forms of traditional folk  theatre in India
    • Sanskrit theatre in India
    • Challenges faced by theatre in India
  • Puppet forms in India
    • Themes of puppetry in India
    • Forms of Puppetry
  • Religious Philosophies
    • Buddhism and its impact
    • Jainism and its impact
    • Sufism and its impact
    • Vedanta Philosophy
  • Bhakti Traditions

POLITY

  • Reorganisation of States
  • Emergency in India                                
  • Linguistic Regionalism in India.
  • Lok Sabha Elections 2014 and 2018.

ECONOMY

  • Agriculture since 12th five year plan  
  • Industry since 12th five year plan        
  • New Economic Policies and its Impact

SOCIAL ISSUES RELATED TO VULNERABLE SECTION

  • Tribal Issue and Policy Consolidation
  • Issue of Women and Evolution of Women Movement 
  • Agrarian Struggles                                   
  • Problem of Caste and Social Consolidation
  • Communalism Secularism and Social Consolidation
  • Regionalism Issues in India
  • Issue of Linguistic Minorities
  • Environmental Movements

GENERAL GEOGRAPHY

  • Universe
    • Theories of evolution of Universe
    • Star Formation
    • Formation of planets
  • Earth Evolution& Basics
    • Evolution of Earth
    • Evolution of Atmosphere
    • Evolution of Hydrosphere
    • Earth’s Geological time scale
    • Origin of life
    • The Earth’s Movements-Revolution and Rotation and Seasons
    • Inclination of the Earth’s Axis and its ffects

GEOMORPHOLOGY

  • Earth’s Interior
    • Sources of Information about the Interior (Direct Sources, Indirect Sources – Earth Quake Wave, Volcanoes)                                
    • Structure of the Earth’s Interior
    • Mechanical and Chemical categorization of internal structure
  • Geology and Rock System
    • Minerals
    • Major Elements of the Earth’s Crust
      • Physical Characteristics
      • Classification –
    • Rocks ( Aggregate of Minerals )
      • Classification
      • Igneous
      • Sedimentary
      • Metamorphic
    • Rocks & landforms
    • Rocks & Soils
  • Geomorphic Processes
    • Endogenic Forces
      • Diastrophism
      • Orogenic
      • Epierogenic
      • Earthquakes
      • Plate movements
      • Volcanism
    • Exogenic Forces
      • Denudation Processes
      • Weathering & its Significance
      • Mass movements & their impact
      • Erosion Transportation & Deposition
  • Earthquakes and Volcanism
    • Earthquakes: Reasons, Distribution & impact
    • Volcanism
      • Types and distribution of Volcanoes
      • Volcanic Landforms (intrusive)
  • Distribution of Continents & Oceans
    • Theories
      • Continental Drift Theory
      • Convectional Current Theory
      • Mapping of the Ocean Floor
      • Sea Floor Spreading
      • Plate Tectonics
    • Isostasy
  • Landforms and their evolution
    • Causesof landform development
      • Geomorphic Processes
      • Geomorphic Agents
    • Geomorphic Agents and Landforms
      • Running Water
      • Development of a river System
      • Erosional Landforms
      • Depositional Landforms
    • Ground Water (Karst Topography)
      • Erosional Landforms
      • Depositional landforms
    • Glaciers
      • Erosional Landforms
      • Depositional Landforms
    • Waves and Currents
    • Winds
      • Erosional Landforms
      • Depositional Landforms
    • Landforms across the world
      • Rivers and lakes
      • Mountain and Peaks
      • Plateaus

OCEANOGRAPHY

  • Hydrosphere
    • Water on the Surface of the Earth
    • Hydrological Cycle
  • Submarine Relief Features
    • Relief of the Ocean floor
    • Divisions of the ocean floor
    • Minor relief features
  • Temperature and Salinity
    • Temperature of the Ocean Water
    • Factors affecting Temperature distribution
    • Horizontal and Vertical Distribution
  • Salinity of the Ocean Water
    • Factors affecting salinity
    • Horizontals distribution of salinity
    • Vertical Distribution of salinity
  • Density of Ocean Waters
  • Movements of Ocean Water
  • Factors influencing Movement
  • Waves
    • Motion of waves
    • Characteristics of wave
  • Tides
    • Types of Tides
    • Importance of Tides
  • Ocean Currents
    • Characteristics of Ocean Currents
    • Types of ocean currents:
    • Major Ocean currents of the World
    • Effects of Ocean Currents
  • Marine Resources
    • Surface water resources
    • Ground water resources
    • Inland water resources
    • Oceanic Water Resources (Marine Resource)
    • Utilization of oceans by man
    • Water consumption patterns
    • Water Conservation and Management (Techniques)
  • Ocean Deposits and Corals
    • Terrigenous Deposits
    • Volcanic Deposits
    • Biotic deposits
    • Abiotic Deposits
    • Coral Reefs
      • Probable origin of Coral Reef
      • Types and significance of Coral Reef
      • Issue of Coral Bleaching

CLIMATOLOGY

  • Atmosphere
    • Composition of the Atmosphere
    • Structure of the Atmosphere
  • Solar Radiation, Heat Balance and Temperature
    • Solar Radiation and Isolation
    • Heating and cooling of atmosphere
    • Terrestrial Radiation
    • Heat Budget of the Planet Earth
    • Temperature
    • Factors Controlling Temperature Distribution
    • Distribution of Temperature
  • Atmospheric Circulation and Weather Systems
    • Atmospheric Pressure
    • Vertical variation of pressure
    • Horizontal distribution of pressure
    • World Distribution of Sea Level Pressure
    • Factors affecting the velocity and direction of the Wind
    • General Circulation of the Atmosphere – Pattern of Planetary Winds
    • Latitudinal Variation of Atmospheric 
      Heating
    • Emergence of Pressure Belts
    • Hadley Cell , Ferrel Cell, Polar Cell
    • Seasonal Wind
    • Local Wind
    • Land and Sea Breezes
    • Mountain and Valley Winds
    • Air Mass, Fronts, Cyclones and Jet Stream
      • Air mass & fronts
      • Cyclones
      • Thunderstorms
      • Tornadoes
  • Water in the Atmosphere
    • Water Vapour
    • Humidity – Absolute and Relative
    • Saturation – Dew Point
    • Evaporation and Condensation
      • Dew
      • Frost
      • Fog & Mist
      • Clouds
    • Precipitation
      • Rainfall
      • Snowfall
      • Sleet Hail
      • Hailstones
      • Types of Rainfall
      • World Distribution of Rainfall
  • Climatic Zones of the World
    • World Climate
    • Koeppen’s Scheme of Classification of Climate            
    • Climatic Zones of World

BIO-GEOGRAPHY

  • Soil & Its Characteristics
    • Soil Characteristics
    • Factors Responsible for Soil Formation
    • Process of Soil Formation
    • Soil Profiles and Horizons
    • Classification of Soil
    • Soil Degradation, Erosion and Conservation
  • Vegetation resources
    • Types of natural vegetation
    • Forests
      • Significance of forests
      • Factors of forest development
      • Classification of forests
      • forest cover
    • Grasslands
    • Desert vegetation
    • Tundra Vegetation
    • Deforestation
    • Conservation of forests
    • Reforestation
    • Afforestation
    • Forestry
      • Social forestry
      • Agro-forestry
      • Farm Forestry
      • Community Forestry

PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY OF INDIA

  • Physiography of India
    • Location
    • Geopolitical Significance of India
    • Geological Divisions
      • The Peninsular Block
      • The Himalayas and other Peninsular Mountains
      • Indo-Ganga-Brahmaputra Plain
      • Physiographic Divisions
  • Drainage System
    • Drainage Patterns
    • Drainage System of India
    • Himalayan Drainage System
      • River Systems of Himalayan Drainage
      • Indus river system
      • Ganga River System
      • Brahmaputra river system
    • Peninsular Drainage System
      • River Systems of Peninsular Drainage
      • Small Rivers Flowing Towards East and West
  • Climate
    • Factors influencing the climate of India
    • Monsoon
    • Mechanism of the Monsoon
      • Classical Theory
      • Modern theory
      • Air mass theory
      • Jet stream theory
    • ELNINO and LANINA & their impact
    • The rhythm of Seasons        
      • The cold weather season
      • The hot weather season
      • The southwest monsoon season
      • The retreating monsoon season
    • Climatic Regions of India
  • Soils in India
    • Classification of Soils
    • Soil textures
    • Issue of Soil degradation & Soil Erosion
    • Soil Conservation
  • Natural Vegetation
    • Types of Forests in India
    • Forest Cover in India
    • Forest Conservation
    • Forest Problems in India

ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES

  • Floods and Droughts  
  • Forest fires
  • Deforestation
  • Desertification
  • Pollution
  • Climate Change and Global Warming

BASICS OF ECONOMIC GEOGRAPHY

  • Definition, Development and scope of Economic Geography
  • Type of Economic Activities
    • Primary Activities
    • Secondary Activities
    • Tertiary, Quaternary and Quinary Activities                
  • Recent Themes and Concepts in Economic Geography
  • Agglomeration Economies
  • Neo-liberalism
  • Rise of macro regional Economic block
  • Ethnicity in Economic Geography
  • Concept of digital divide

RESOURCE

  • Land Resource
    • Land-use Pattern and changes
    • Problems of Land Resources:
      • Land Degradation: Causes and Impact
      • Concept of Land Degradation Neutrality
    • Land Use Planning and Policy
  • Water Resources
    • Extent of Water Resources
    • Water Resource Potential of India
    • Utilization and related problems (Pollution)
    • Inter- state water disputes in India
    • Water management, conservation and Development
    • National Water Policy
  • Mineral Resources
    • Types of Mineral Resources
    • Distribution Pattern of Minerals in World
    • Major Mineral Belts of India
    • Problems related to mining
    • Conservation of Mineral Resources
    • National Mineral Policy, 2019
  • Energy resources
    • Classification of Energy Resources
    • Distribution and production trend of major energy Resources
      • Coal
      • Petroleum
      • Natural gas
    • Strategic Oil Reserves
    • Exploration of Coal Bed Methane
    • Non-Conventional Energy Resources
      • Solar Energy
      • Wind Energy
      • Geothermal
    • Nuclear Energy Resources: Challenges and prospects in India
  • Recent Debates on Resources
    • Geopolitics of Natural Resources
    • Globalisation and Unsustainable exploitation of natural resources
    • Depletion of natural resources versus Economic Growth
    • Changing Pattern of Land Use and Causes
    • Water Crisis: Causes, Conflicts and Resolution
    • Energy Crisis
    • Challenges and constraints faced by coal sector
    • Challenges in Hydropower sector
    • Renewable Energy: way toward sustainability
    • Energy Security: Energy Policy and strategy in India

AGRICULTURE

  • Agriculture Basic Terminologies
    • Cropping pattern
    • Agriculture Productivity
    • Agriculture Intensity
    • Land capability
  • Location of agriculture
  • World Agriculture Typologies
  • Salient features of Indian Agriculture
  • Problems of Indian Agriculture
  • Factor Affecting Agriculture
    • Geographical factors
    • Institutional factors
    • Technological factors
  • Major Crops and conditions for growth
  • Regionalization of Agriculture
  • Various Revolutions in Agriculture Sector
    • Green Revolution
      • Impact of Green Revolution
      • Evergreen Revolution
    • White Revolution
    • Operation Flood
    • Blue Revolution
  • Agricultural Policies and Initiatives
    • Minimum Support Price: Benefits and Challenges
    • Agriculture Market Produce Committees: Issues
    • National Agriculture Market (NAM)
    • Agricultural Produce and Livestock Marketing (Promotion and Facilitating) Act (APLM), 2017
    • National Livestock Mission
    • National Programme for Bovine Breeding and Dairy Development (NPBBD) 
    • Rashtriya Gokul Mission
    • Agriculture Export Policy, 2018
    • Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi (PM-KISAN)
    • Pradhan Mantri Annadataaay Sanrakshan Abhiyan (Pm-Aasha)
    • Operation Greens
    • Dairy Processing & Infrastructure Development Fund (DIDF)
    • Fisheries and Aquaculture Infrastructure Development Fund (FIDF).
    • Agriculture Census
  • Food Security
    • Nature of Food Insecurity: Duration, Severity and types
    • Trend and Pattern in Food Insecurity
    • Causes and Geography of famine
    • Key Dimension of food security
    • Efforts and Remedies to ensure food security
  • Agricultural in Discussion
    • Controversy over GM Crops: Benefits and Issues
    • Impact of climate Change on Agriculture
    • Evergreen Green Revolution for Sustainable Livelihood
    • Rainbow Revolution
    • Blue Revolution: Impact on Rural Economy
    • Climate Smart Agriculture
    • Need of Agriculture Diversification
    • Mixed farming: Hedging Agriculture Risks
    • Problems and Prospects of dry-zone agriculture
    • Plantation Agriculture: Issues involved
    • Challenges of increasing Agriculture Productivity and Production
    • New ‘White Revolution’: Need, Scope and Challenges
    • Contract Farming: Benefits and Challenges
    • Role of infrastructural and institutional 
      factors in the recent transformation of Indian agriculture         
    • Impact of advanced agricultural technologies on the Environment
    • Soil Health Card scheme and  rationalisation of fertilizer subsidies
    • Food Security: India’s Vulnerability and way-out

INDUSTRY

  • Classification of Industries
  • Factors affecting location of Industries
    • Weber’s Model of Industrial Location
    • Losch theory of Profit Maximization
  • Various Industries: Location, Prospects and Challenges
    • Iron and Steel Industry
    • Textile Industry
    • Jute Industry
    • Auto Mobile Industry
    • Fertilizer Industry
    • Agro-based Industries
    • Other Industries
  • Industrial Regions and its Characteristics
    • Major Industrial Regions of the World
    • Industrial Regions of India
    • Industrial Policies and Development
    • A Scheme for Promotion of Innovation, Rural Industry and Entrepreneurship
    • Scheme of Fund for Regeneration of Traditional Industries
    • Stand Up India
    • Fourth Industrial Revolution
    • Role of Industrial development in minimizing regional inequalities
    • Problems of Industrial regions
    • Factors behind the growth and present location pattern of automobile industry in India                                                                                                                
    • Pharmaceutical industry: Locational pattern and reasons
    • Sugar industry: Problems and challenges of current pattern
    • Food Processing Industry: Untapped Potential
    • Agro based Industries: Problems and Prospects
    • Impact of agro-based industries on cropping pattern
    • Tourism: Prospects and Impact on Environment

TRANSPORT AND COMMUNICATION

  • Land Transport
    • Roads
      • Classification of roads
      • National Highway Grid
      • Problems and Prospects
      • Bharatmala Pariyojana
    • Railways
      • Significance and Problems of Indian Railways
      • Dedicated Freight Corridors
      • Privatisation of Railways
    • Pipelines
      • Significance, Distribution and Challenges
    • Water Transport
      • Inland: National Waterways
        • Factors affecting Inland waterways
        • Significance and Challenges
        • Jal Marg Vikas Project
      • Seaways and Oceanic Route
        • Shipping
        • Major Ports of World and India
        • Challenges in Port Development
        • Sagarmala Project
      • Air Transport
        • National Airways
          • National Civil Aviation Policy
          • Regional Connectivity Scheme (UDAN)
          • International Airways
        • Communications
          • Communication Infrastructure
          • National Telecom Policy
        • Major Issues in Transport and Communication
          • Role of Transport in Regional Development
          • Need for holistic transport planning to improve the city’s mobility
          • Carbon footprint of the transport sector
          • Road Transport: Investment Challenges
          • Inland Waterways: Development challenges and prospects
          • Ports: Inclusive centres of economic  development
          • Problem of Pot Development
          • Analysis of Sagarmala Project
          • Environmental issues of maritime shipping
          • Role of Transport in Regional Development
          • Eco Tourism: Way toward Responsible Tourism
        • Trade
        • World Trade Pattern
          • Major Oceanic Trade Routes
        • Basis of Overseas Trade
        • Types of International Trade
          • Bilateral Trade
          • Multilateral Trade
        • Various Organisation Related to International Trade
        • Regional Trade Blocks
        • Foreign Trade: India
          • Trends in India’s Foreign Trade
          • Composition Indian Trade
          • Direction of India’s Foreign Trade
        • Trade Pattern and Policies
          • Changing Pattern of India’s foreign trade
          • Challenges and prospects of foreign trade of India
          • Impact of trade liberalisation on the geographical distribution of industries
          • Neo-liberal reforms in Africa: Race of India and China

DEMOGRAPHY AND CENSUS WORLD & INDIA

  • Concept of human resources
  • Factors affecting the distribution of Population
  • Population growth
    • Theories of Population Growth
      • Malthusian Theory
      • Marxian Theory
      • Demographic transition theory
      • Optimum Population Theory
    • Size, growth rate and distribution of population
    • Components of Population growth
  • Demographic Dividend
    • Demographic Window of Opportunity
  • Components of Population change
    • Birth Rate
    • Death Rate (Mortality Rate)
    • Migration
      • Factors responsible for migration
      • Type of Migration
      • Issues related to migration
      • Migration pattern in world and India
      • World Migration Report, 2018
    • Population Composition
      • Age Sex Pyramids & their significance
      • Trends and Pattern in Sex Ratio
      • Initiatives to improve Sex ratio
      • Trends and Patterns in Literacy
      • Government’s Efforts
    • Fertility Rate
    • Impact of Population Change
    • Population Policies
      • Need for revision of National Population Policy
    • Population problems
      • Global Nutrition Report, 2018
      • Global Hunger Index

SETTLEMENTS AND URBANIZATION

  • Rural Settlements
    • Classification of Rural Settlements
    • Function of Rural Settlements
    • Patterns of Rural Settlements
    • Changing Pattern of Rural Settlements
  • Urban Settlements
    • Origin of Urban Settlements- Functional  Classification of Towns
    • Urbanization
      • Indian Mega Cities
      • Central Place Theory
      • Primate City
      • Morphology of Indian Cities
      • Conurbations
      • Urban Slums
      • Rural Urban Fringe
      • Rural Urban Continuum
    • Issues related to Urbanization in India
      • Habitat – III Conference
    • Schemes
      • Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana or Housing for All Scheme
      • Smart City Initiative
      • AMRUT (Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation)
      • HRIDAY (Heritage City Development and Augmentation Yojana)

REGIONAL PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT

  • Concept of Region
  • Types of Regions
  • Issues of Regional Imbalances
  • Strategies for Regional Development

HUMAN DEVELOPMENT

  • Growth v/s Development
  • Approaches to Human Development
  • Human Development Index
  • International comparisons of Human Development
    • World Development Report, 2019
  • Human Development Report    

UPSC SYLLABUS

  • Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure
  • Separation of powers Fundamental Rights, Preamble, DPSP, Fundamental Duties, etc.
  • Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries
  • Salient features of RP Act.

HISTORICAL UNDERPINNING

  • Constitution: Why and How?
  • Historical Background

EVOLUTION

  • Constituent Assembly and its vision of future
  • Making of the Constitution
  • Constitution as a living document
  • Democracy and diversity
  • Outcomes of democracy
  • Crisis of Democratic order
  • National Commission to Review the Working of the Constitution
  • Comparison of the Indian Constitutional scheme with that of other countries

FEATURES

  • Sources of the Constitution
  • Salient features of the Constitution
  • The Philosophy of the Constitution
  • System of Government: Parliamentary & Presidential System
  • Role of Convention under the Constitution
  • Comparison between Judicial Review and Parliamentary Supremacy

AMENDMENTS

  • The Constitution Amendment of the Constitution
  • Keshvananda and Bharti Case Judgement
  • 42nd and 44th Amendment to the Constitution
  • The Constitution (103rd Amendment) Act, 2019 (124th Constitution Amendment Bill) to provide 10% reservation in government jobs and educational  institutions to the economically weaker sections (EWS)
  • (125th Amendment) Bill, 2019

SIGNIFICANT PROVISIONS

  • Preamble of the Constitution
    • Debate : Is Preamble part of the Constitution and its amendment
  • Citizenship
    • National Register of Citizens
  • Fundamental Rights
    • Rule of Law
    • Procedure Established by Law vs Due Process of Law
    • Exceptions to Fundamental Rights
    • Amenability of Fundamental Rights
    • Rights following from other provision  of the Constitution
  • Major Debates/ Issues around Fundamental Rights:
    • Limitations upon the Freedom
    • Freedom of Press and Censorship
    • Free Speech: Rights & Limits and Hate speech
    • Data protection: Privacy Vs. Innovation
    • RTI amendments
    • Sedition-Law- Comprehensive public discussion regarding Section 124A of the Indian Penal Code 1860
    • Right To Information Act 2005.
    • Defamation-Should it be decriminialised
    • ‘Living wills’/ Euthanasia
    • Restriction on the entry of women in places of worship
    • Reservation in India – Explained in Layman’s Terms
    • Reservation in promotion
    • Aadhaar and Privacy issues
    • Constitutionality of article 35A
  • Directive Principles of the State Policy
    • Scope of DPSP: Economic and SocialDemocracy
    • Implementation of Directives
    • Conflict between Fundamental Rights and role of judiciary in harmonizing them
    • Challenge of implementing Uniform civil code
  • Fundamental Duties
  • Union Territories
    • Chief Minister Vs Lieutenant Governor: Rules, Rights and Responsibilities
  • Special Status of Jammu and Kashmir
    • Kashmir Unrest
  • Special Provisions for some States
  • Scheduled and Tribal areas
  • Official Language
    • Reasons for the 58thAmendment

MAJOR DOCTRINES

  • Doctrine of Basic Structure of the Constitution
  • Doctrine of Harmonious Construction
  • Doctrine of Eclipse
  • Doctrine of Pith and Substance
  • Doctrine of Incidental or Ancillary Powers
  • Doctrine of Colourable Legislation
  • Doctrine of Severability
  • Doctrine of Territorial Nexus
  • Doctrine of Laches

PRESSURE GROUPS AND FORMAL/INFORMAL ASSOCIATIONS AND THEIR ROLE IN THE POLITY

  • Pressure Groups
  • Popular Struggles and Movements
  • Rise of Popular movements

ELECTION & THE REPRESENTATIVES OF PEOPLE’S ACT

  • Political Parties
    • Criminalisation of politics
    • Freebies Politics in India
    • Issues Related to the Working of Political Parties
    • Inner Party Democracy
    • Significance of Strong Opposition in Democracy
  • Elections
    • Role of Civil Society in Free and Fair Election
    • What is Tactical Voting and Proportional Representation?
    • What is Absentee Ballot?
  • Voting Behaviour
  • Election Laws
    • Representation of People (Amendment) Bill 2010- Voting rights to NRI
    • Introduction of NOTA
    • Bill on Right to Recall Legislators
  • Electoral reforms
    • Demand For A Hybrid Electoral System
    • Simultaneous Elections
    • About Paper Trail units
    • Election Funding (Electoral bonds) Corporate funding laws
    • State Funding in elections
    • Women voices in elections
    • Law Commission Report on Electoral Reforms
  • Anti-Defection Law
    • Anti-Defection Law: Is it time for reconsideration?

DEVELOPMENT PROCESSES AND THE DEVELOPMENT INDUSTRY

  • The role of NGOs
    • NGOs and Development/ Crackdown on NGOs
    • Accountability and transparency in NGOs
  • SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders

MAJOR ISSUES

  • Dalit assertion and Politics of reservation
  • Should India spend more on science or Social welfare?
  • Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act 2005
  • Agrarian crisis: Issues in farmer economy
  • Issues related to Social Media
  • Media freedom and Responsible reporting
  • Marital rape
  • Section 377: Constitutionality Vs Morality
  • Legalising Sports Betting In India

MECHANISM, LAWS, INSTITUTIONS AND BODIES CONSTITUTED FOR THE PROTECTION AND BETTERMENT OF THESE VULNERABLE SECTIONS

  • Special Provisions relating to Certain Classes
    • Muslim Personal law: Polygamy/ Triple talaq
  • Scheduled and Tribal Areas
    • SC/ST Act judgment: Protecting the innocent or diluting the Protection?

UPSC SYLLABUS

  • Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States
  • Issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure
  • Devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.
  • Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.
  • Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive
  • Ministries and Departments of the Government
  • Structure, organization and functioning of the Judiciary
  • Dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions

ISSUES AND CHALLENGES PERTAINING TO THE FEDERAL STRUCTURE

  • Union and its territory
    • Formation of state and Altercation of boundaries
  • Nature of Federal System
  • Peculiar features of Indian federalism
  • A Critique of the Federal System
    • Challenges of Nation building
    • Challenges Of Special Status State And Problems
  • Demand for New states: Gorkhaland, Nagalim, Vidharbha, Purvanchal etc.
  • Era of One-Party dominance
  • Regional aspirations
  • Emergency Provisions
    • Imposition of President Rule
    • Fundamental Rights during Emergency
  • Conversion of state to UT unilateraly by centre-A constitutional question

STRUCTURE, ORGANIZATION AND FUNCTIONING OF THE UNION EXECUTIVE

  • President
    • President of India – Discretionary Powers- Imposition of President’s rule
    • Is President a mere Rubber Stamp
  • Vice President
  • Prime Minister
  • Central Council of Ministers
  • Cabinet Committees

STRUCTURE, ORGANIZATION AND FUNCTIONING OF THE STATE EXECUTIVE

  • Governor
    • Provisions related to removal of Governor (Article 156)
    • Discretionary Powers
    • Politicization of the Post of Governor
  • Chief Minister
  • State Council of Ministers

PARLIAMENT

  • Parliament
    • Sessions of Parliament: Adjournment, Prorogation, Dissolution etc.
    • Lacunas in Parliamentary Functioning in India
    • When Does a Bill Lapse in Indian Parliament?
    • Types of Majorities Used in the Indian
    • Election to Rajya Sabha: The Procedure.
    • Relevance of Rajya Sabha
    • Government Budgeting: Indian Budget for
    • Budget Documents Made Simple: Key to Budget Documents.
    • Cut Motions: Policy Cut, Economy Cut, and Token Cut.
    • Misuse of Ordinance promulgation power
    • Office of the Speaker: Powers and Issues
    • Issue related to office of profit
    • Breach Of Privilege: Special privileges   to MP’s and its implications
  • Parliamentary Committees
    • Parliamentary Committees in Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha.
    • Diminishing importance of parliamentary committees

STATE LEGISLATURE

  • State Legislature
    • Full statehood to Delhi: Should it be granted or not?
    • Relevance of Council of State    

FUNCTIONS AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE UNION AND STATES

7th Schedule

SEPARATION OF POWER

  • Power Sharing
  • Centre-State Relations
    • Inter-State Council vs National Development Council.
    • Separate State Flag in Karnataka
    • NITI Aayog: The new ‘think-tank’ to replace Planning Commission.
  • Foreign Policy
  • States demand a say in Foreign Policy?

DISPUTE REDRESSAL MECHANISMS AND INSTITUTIONS

  • Inter-State Relations
    • Inter-state River Water Dispute
    • Inter-state Councils
  • Parliamentary Forums
  • Parliamentary Groups
  • Administrative Tribunals
  • National Integration

DEVOLUTION OF POWERS AND FINANCES UP TO LOCAL LEVELS AND CHALLENGES THEREIN

  • Local Governments
    • Nagaland Reservation in Urban Bodies
    • Education Qualification made mandatory for contesting Local Government Elections
  • Panchayati Raj and PESA 1996
  • Municipalities
    • in Municipalities in Sync with Urban Development Missions

STRUCTURE, ORGANIZATION AND FUNCTIONING OF THE JUDICIARY

  • Higher Judiciary Appointments
    • Collegium system and issues.
    • Collegium Vs. NJAC
    • CJI removal
  • Judicial Review
  • Judicial Activism
    • Judicial activism and judicial Overreach
    • Judicial Accountability & RTI Act
  • Public Interest Litigation
    • Advocates (Amendment) Bill, 2017 Controversy
    • National Litigation Policy
  • Other Judicial Issues
    • All India Judicial Services
    • Proposal for National Court of Appeal
    • Judicial Pendency
    • Judicial Reforms
    • Problems with Tribunals, Problems arising out of sidestepping the HC
    • Alternate Dispute Redressal (ADR)
  • Major Judgements of Supreme Court
    • RIGHT TO CONVERT-the Supreme Court’s judgement regarding a person’s right to choose a religion, Issue of Religious  Conversion in India,
    • Reservation in promotion, Argument in favour of reservation in promotion, Argument against the reservation in  promotions
    • Supreme Court judgement on Caste, Religion in Polls
    • Validity of Aadhaar but with certain caveats
    • Cauvery River Verdict
    • Concept of Defamation in India
    • Should the SC proceedings be live streamed?

UPSC SYLLABUS

  • Pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity
  • Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation
  • Development processes and the development industry the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders
  • Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability
  • E-governance-applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential
  • Citizens Charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures
  • Role of civil services in a democracy
  • Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies
  • Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies

GOVERNANCE

  • Concept of Good Governance
  • Issues Concerning Governance
  • Right Based Approach in Policy Making
  • Public Policy Making and Policy Implementation
  • How to Establish Good Governance

TRANSPARENCY & ACCOUNTABILITY

  • Right to Information
    • Information sharing and transparency in government
    • RTI and Official Secret Act: Who’s winning and why Judiciary wants to remain isolated
  • Citizen’s Charters
    • Benefits of Citizen Charter
    • Citizen Charter in India: An Evaluation
    • Problems Faced in Implementing the Charters
    • Steps to improve Citizen Charters
    • Indian Approach to Citizen Charter: Sevottam Model
    • Administrative Reforms Commission’s Seven Step Model for Citizen Centricity
    • Right to Service
  • Extent of regulations and openness of media and social networking sites
    • K. Visanathan Committee On Hate Speech
    • Role of MEDIA in bringing Transparency and Accountability
    • Social Media and Accountability
  • E-Governance
    • Role of E-Governance in bringing Transparency and Accountability
    • Major E-Governance Projects and challenges in their implementation
  • Role of civil services in a democracy
    • Linkage of Civil Services and Democracy
    • Debate on Lateral Entry in Civil Services
    • Relation between Civil Servants and Political Executives
    • Performance Appraisal System in Bureaucracy
    • Reforms Needed In Indian Bureaucracy
  • Codes of Ethics and Code of Conduct
    • Paid news abuse by social media a poll menace
    • Model code of conduct
  • Utilization of Public funds
    • Significance of Public Accounts Committee
    • Challenges of corruption and incompetence

REGULATORY STRUCTURE AND GOVERNANCE REFORMS

  • Functions and responsibilities of various Bodies
    • Analysis of Autonomy and functioning of CAG, CBI, CVC and NHRC
    • Lokpal and rise of Ombudsman era: a critical evaluation of journey traveled  so far
    • State and operational effectiveness of Local governments in India
    • Corporate Governance in India – Why is it so critical
  • Police Reforms in India
  • Curb On VIP Culture
  • Prison Reforms in India
  • Improving Governance In Public Systems

DEVELOPMENT PROCESSES AND THE DEVELOPMENT INDUSTRY

  • Role of Self Help Group in Development
  • Shortcomings and Recommendations to  Improve Self Help Group
  • Role and functions of NGOs in the Development
  • Challenges Faced by NGOs in India
  • Issue of Fund Mismanagement
  • Role of Microfinance Institutions in Development Process
  • Issues Related to Microfinance Institutions and Recommendations
  • Role of Foreign aid in Development
  • The role and function of pressure groups in India
  • Changing Pattern of Pressure Group Politics in India

SOCIO-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT

  • Concept of Human Development
    • Economic Growth and Human Development: Two-Way Link
    • Measurement of Human Development
  • Understanding Poverty
    • Dimensions of Poverty
    • Linkage between Poverty and Development
    • Recommendations of Rangarajan Committee Report
    • Poverty Alleviation Strategy Since Independence
    • Programmes for Poverty Alleviation
    • Concept of Inequality
    • World Inequality Report 2018: Findings of the Report
    • Income Inequality in India
    • Recommendations to Reduce Inequality
  • HUNGER
    • Manifestations of Hunger and its causes
    • Challenges to Food Security
    • Global Hunger Index Report, 2018
    • Recommendations
  • Institutional Measures for Welfare of Vulnerable Sections
    • Issues Related to the Weaker Sections & Vulnerable groups in India
    • Constitutional Provisions for the  Welfare of Society
    • Institutional Measures for the Welfare of the Society
    • Issues with the Institutional Mechanisms
  • HEALTH
    • Public Health System of India
    • Shortcomings of the Healthcare Sector
    • Urgency of achieving Universal Health  Coverage
    • Evaluation of SWACHH BHARAT MISSION
    • Global Nutrition Report 2018
    • Initiatives Taken In Health Sector : Ayushman Bharat
    • National Health Policy
  • EDUCATION
    • Challenges of Education sector in India
    • Right to Education and Challenges to EWS Children
    • Initiatives by Government

ROLE OF CIVIL SERVICES IN A DEMOCRACY

  • Concept of civil services
  • Need for civil services
  • Different role of civil services
    • Law making
    • Policy formulation
    • Policy implementation
    • Policy evaluation
    • Civil services as protector of democracy
    • To protect minorities (religious and linguistic)
    • To promote Inclusive and sustainable 
      growth
    • Various Reforms in Civil Services

PRESSURE GROUPS AND FORMAL/INFORMAL ASSOCIATIONS AND THEIR ROLE IN THE POLITY

  • What are pressure groups?
  • Types of pressure groups
  • Significance of pressure groups in India
  • Differentiate between a pressure group and a political party
  • Evaluation of pressure groups role

APPOINTMENT TO VARIOUS CONSTITUTIONAL POSTS, POWERS, FUNCTIONS AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF VARIOUS CONSTITUTIONAL BODIES

  • Appointment of CAG (procedure of appointment)- composition of CAG
  • Functions and responsibilities of CAG
  • Powers and privileges of CAG (provided by constitution and different Acts of Parliament.)
  • Appointment of ECI (procedure of appointment)- composition of ECI
  • Functions and responsibilities of ECI
  • Powers and privileges of ECI (provided by constitution and different ACTs of Parliament)
  • Appointment to UPSC (procedure of appointment)- composition of UPSC
  • Functions and responsibilities of UPSC
  • Powers and privileges of UPSC (provided by constitution and different ACTs of Parliament.)
  • Appointment to Finance commission (procedure of appointment)- composition of Finance commission
  • Functions and responsibilities of Finance commission
  • Powers and privileges of Finance commission (provided by constitution and different ACTs of Parliament.)
  • National commission for SCs and STs.

STATUTORY, REGULATORY AND VARIOUS QUASI-JUDICIAL BODIES

  • SEBI, CVC, CBI, Planning Commission NDC, PMO
  • TRAI, IRDA
  • National Human Rights Commission
  • State Human Rights Commission
  • Central Information Commission
  • State Information Commission
  • National Consumer Disputes Redressal Commission
  • Medical Council of India
  • Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority
  • Biodiversity Authority of India
  • Press Council of India
  • Forward Markets Commission
  • Inland Waterways Authority of India
  • Role of CAG
  • 14th Finance Commission: Analysis
  • 7th Pay Commission Report and Repercussions
  • AFSPA and Second ARC
  • Inter-State River Water Dispute: Cauvery dispute
  • Role of Niti Aayog

RECENT BILLS & ACTS

  • 103rd Constitutional Amendment Act
  • Fugitive Economic Offenders Bill, 2018
  • Triple Talaq Ordinance                                                                                                 
  • Citizenship (Amendment) Bill
  • Draft Emigration Bill, 2019                                                                                     
  • Consumer Protection Bill, 2018
  • Prevention of Corruption (Amendment) Act, 2018                                                                          
  • Lokpal & Lokayukta Amendment Act, 2016
  • The Right of Children to Free & Compulsory Education (Amendment) Act, 2019        
  • Data (Privacy & Protection) Bill, 2017
  • The Transgender Persons (Protection of  Rights) Bill, 2016    
  • The Indian Institute of Information Technology (Amendment) Bill , 2017 (autonomy of institutes)

ELECTIONS

  • Criminalization of Politics
  • Issues Related to the Working of Political Parties
  • Enact Strong Laws to Cleanse Politics, says Supreme Court
  • How effective is Election Commission in Ensuring Fair Elections                        
  • Freebies Politics in India
  • Election Commission Proposal for Countering Bribe-for-Votes
  • Law Commission Report on Electoral Reforms                                                  
  • State Funding in Elections
  • Role of Civil Society in Free and Fair Election
  • Women Voices in Elections
  • Electronic Voting Machine (EVM) Issue                                             
  • About Paper Trail Units
  • Anti-Defection Law                                    
  • Office of Profit & RPA

MISCELLANEOUS

  • Constituent Assembly and its vision of future
  • Making of the Constitution
  • Constitution as a living document
  • Democracy and diversity
  • Outcomes of democracy
  • Crisis of Democratic order
  • National Commission to Review the Working of the Constitution
  • Comparison of the Indian Constitutional scheme with that of other countries

CONSTITUTIONAL BODIES

  • Election Commission
  • Union Public Service Commission
  • State Public Service Commission
  • Finance Commission
    • 14th Finance Commission and LocalGovernments
    • 15th Finance commission: Issues with Term and References
  • State Finance Commission
  • Law Commission
    • 268th Report of Law Commission on Bail Reforms
    • Law Commission report on Hate Speech
  • Pay Commission
    • 7th Pay Commission
  • National Commission for SCs
  • National Commission for STs
  • Special Officer for Linguistic Minorities
  • Comptroller and Auditor General of India (CAG) , Functioning and Autonomy of CAG
  • National Commission for Backward Classes
  • Attorney General of India
  • Advocate General of the State
  • Co-operative Societies
  • Tribunals
    • Problems with Tribunals, Problems arising out of sidestepping the HC

STATUTORY, REGULATORY AND VARIOUS QUASI-JUDICIAL BODIES

  • Rationalization Of Autonomous Bodies
  • National Human Rights Commission
  • National Commission for Women
  • State Human Rights Commission
  • Central Information Commission
  • State Information Commission
  • Central Vigilance Commission
    • Preventive Vigilance
  • Central Bureau of Investigation
    • Autonomy of CBI
  • Lokpal and Lokayuktas
    • Issues related to the appointment of Lokpal
    • Ammendment to Lokpal Act
  • Quasi judicial bodies
  • NITI Aayog
    • NITI Aayog’s Report on Rationalization of Centrally Sponsored Schemes (CSS)
  • Model Land leasing Law prepared by NITI Aayog

SECOND ARC REPORT

  • Functions of Government                  
  • Issues in Organizational Structure of GOI
  • Good Governance and Citizen Centric Administration
  • e-Governance                                                                                               
  • Ethics in Governance

INITIATIVES FOR TRANSPARENCY & ACCOUNTABILITY

  • Public Accountability Concept                        
  • Virtual ID for AADHAR
  • Social Media & Accountability
  • Accountability & Transparency in NGOs
  • Autonomy of CBI
  • Analysis of Functioning Of CAG
  • People Centric Governance
  • Pro-Active Governance & Timely Implementation (PRAGATI)
  • Right Based Approach in Policy Making
  • Direct Benefi t Transfer               
  • Issues Related to Making Aadhaar Mandatory
  • Reforms Needed In Indian Bureaucracy
  • Performance Appraisal System In Bureaucracy                                                    
  • Curb on VIP Culture
  • Social Audit Law

ORGANISATION/BODIES

  • 14th Finance Commission Analysis
  • 7th Pay Commission Report &Repercussions                                                   
  • AFSPA & Second ARC                                     
  • Role of NITI Aayog
  • Significance of Public Accounts Committee      
  • Right to Information
  • Accountability & Transparency in NGOs

SCHEME

  • PradhanMantri Jan-DhanYojana (PMJDY)                   
  • Swachh Bharat Mission
  • National Skill Development Mission                                                                           
  • National Food Security Act, 2013
  • SansadAdarsh Gram Yojana
  • Smart City Mission                                                                       
  • Saubhagya Plan
  • NAMAMI GANGE                                                
  • Critical Analysis of Stand up India scheme
  • MGNREGA

POLICIES

  • NITI Aayog’s Report on Rationalization of Centrally Sponsored Schemes (CSS)           
  • Law Commission’s 268th Report on Bail Reforms
  • Model Land Leasing Law Prepared by NITI Aayog                                                     
  • T K  Visanathan Committee on Hate Speech                                                             
  • Law Commission Report on Tribunals in India                                                   
  • Law Commission Report on United Nations Convention against Torture
  • National Education Policy

MISCELLANEOUS

  • Inter-State Water Dispute
  • Debate on Directly Elected Mayor
  • Debate on the Issue of Lobbying in India
  • Media Role & Censorship Issue
  • The Role of States in India’s Foreign Policy

UNION & STATE GOVERNMENT

  • Imposition of President Rule: An Analysis
  • Is President a mere Rubber Stamp?
  • Politicization of the Post of Governor
  • Lacunas in Parliamentary Functioning in India                                                                   
  • Significance of Strong Opposition in Democracy
  • Ordinance Making Power in India
  • Balance between Fundamental Rights & Parliamentary Privileges                                      
  • Special Provisions for other States
  • Special Category Status to States                                   
  • National Register of Citizens in Assam
  • Gorkhaland Crisis                       
  • Issue Related to Office of Profit                                                                                         
  • Women Reservation in Parliament        
  • Centre vs State: Case of AAP vs LG

JUDICIARY

  • Shortage of Judges in Indian Courts
  • Issue Related to Appointment of Judges
  • Procedure for Removal of Judges: Critical Analysis
  • Should Judiciary be under RTI
  • Judicial Accountability
  • Post Retirement Appointment of Judges
  • Issue of Judicial Overreach                                               
  • Judicial Reform: How to Reduce Pendency of Cases?
  • Future Challenges of the Indian Judiciary
  • All-India Judicial Service
  • Draft witness protection scheme
  • Contempt of Court
  • Government as the Biggest Litigant in India                         
  • Public Interest Litigation                                                    
  • National Litigation Policy
  • Administrative Tribunals
  • Sabrimala Temple Verdict
  • Right to Convert
  • Alternate Dispute Redressal Mechanism
  • Should India abolish Death Penalty?

LOCAL GOVERNMENT

  • Education Qualification Made Mandatory for Contesting Local Government Elections
  • Reforms needed in Municipalities in Sync with Urban Development Missions                    
  • Municipal reforms for sustainable development of Cities
  • 14th Finance Commission & Local Governments
  • Telangana: Tribal Hamlets to Village Panchayat Status                           
  • Maharashtra Government Recently Launched a new Initiative to
  • Dharavi- one of the Largest Slums in the World
  • Panchayat Raj                                                    
  • Strengthening Participation of Women in Panchayat                                                       
  • PESA in Tribal Areas                        
  • Deepening Grass Root Democracy in Sixth Schedule Areas
  • 2nd ARC Recommendations

ELECTIONS

  • Criminalization of Politics
  • Issues Related to the Working of Political Parties                                                           
  • Enact Strong Laws to Cleanse Politics, says Supreme Court                                            
  • How effective is Election Commission in Ensuring Fair Elections                                     
  • Freebies Politics in India
  • Election Commission Proposal for Countering Bribe-for-Votes                                           
  • Law Commission Report on Electoral Reforms
  • State Funding in Elections
  • Role of Civil Society in Free and Fair Election                                                      
  • Women Voices in Elections
  • Electronic Voting Machine (EVM) Issue
  • About Paper Trail Units
  • Anti-Defection Law                                                                                                          
  • Office of Profit & RPA

MISCELLANEOUS

  • Revisiting Section 124-A of IPC

UPSC SYLLABUS

  • Salient features of Indian Society
  • Diversity of India
  • Effects of globalization on Indian society
  • National Integration, communalism, regionalism & secularism
  • Role of women and women’s organization
  • Social empowerment, poverty and developmental issues
  • Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable section
  • Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources
  • Issues relating to poverty and hunger
  • Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.

UNITY IN DIVERSITY

  • Concepts of Unity and Diversity
  • Forms of Diversity in India
  • Reasons for so much Diversity
  • Bonds of Unity In India
  • Geo-political Unity
  • The Institution of Pilgrimage
  • Tradition of Accommodation
  • Tradition of Interdependence
  • Role of Sensitive Leaders
  • Constitutional Safeguards – Role of Constitution Framers

CHALLENGES OF DIVERSITY TO UNITY (CHALLENGES TO NATIONAL INTEGRATION)

  • Diversity of Constituents
  • Regionalism and Cultural Identities
  • Casteism
  • Linguism
  • Communalism
  • Social Inequalities
  • Regional Disparities
  • Ethno-Nationality and Ethnic Conflicts
  • Tribal Identity
  • Basic Sociological Concepts
  • The Family and Kinship
  • Concept of Patriarchy In India

SECULARISM

  • Secularism And Secularization
  • Western and Indian Concept
  • Process of Secularization
  • Secularism and Forced Conversion in India

REGIONALISM, COMMUNALISM, FUNDAMENTALISM AND COMMUNAL VIOLENCE

  • Regionalism
  • Regionalism in India
  • Types of Regionalism
  • Effects of Regionalism
  • Regionalism: Demand for Smaller States
  • Strategies to tackle Regionalism
  • Sons of Soil Concept
  • Communilism Concept, Orgin, Impact
  • Fundamentalism-religious, Cultural
  • Communal Violence

SOCIAL EMPOWERMENT

  • Constitutional Provisions Relevant to Social Justice & Empowerment of Scheduled Caste & Scheduled Tribes
  • Status of Minorities In India

THE SCHEDULED CASTES: FROM UNTOUCHABLE TO DALIT

  • Population of the Scheduled Castes
  • Types of Disabilities of the SCs
  • From Untouchables to the Dalits: The Process of Identity Formation
  • Combating Mechanism against Caste Atrocities and Violence
  • The State Efforts for Dalit Emancipation
  • Identify Political Implications on Dalits

TRIBALS IN INDIA

  • Chronic Indebtedness
  • Forest Related Problems
  • Destruction of the Forest Environment and the Tribal People
  • Development and Displacement
  • Analysis of Forest Rights Act

WOMEN MOVEMENTS

  • 19th Century Women Movements – Under Social Reform Movements
  • Women’s Issues During Gandhian Era
  • Issues in Post Independence Era
  • Violence Against Women
  • Developmental Movement
  • Uniform Civil Code
  • Feminism and Post Feminism

SOCIAL JUSTICE

  • Concept of Casteism in India
  • Caste and Politics
  • The Reservation Policy Debate
  • Social Justice and Social Development

SOCIAL SECURITY IN INDIA

  • Concept
  • Social Security System in India
  • Organized Sector and Social Security
  • Unorganised Sector and Social Security
  • Centrally Funded Social Assistance Programmes
  • Public Initiatives
  • Review of the implementation of Social Security Laws in the Country
  • Suggestions for Improving the Social Security Matrix
  • Social security code for all

UNDERSTANDING POVERTY

  • Dimensions of Poverty
  • Linkage between Poverty and Development
  • Recommendations of Rangarajan Committee Report
  • Poverty Alleviation Strategy Since Independence
  • Programmes for Poverty Alleviation
  • Concept of Inequality

GLOBALIZATION

  • Meaning of Globalization
  • Reasons for Globalization
  • Dimensions/Impact
  • Political
  • Cultural and Social
  • Economic
  • Anti-Globalization Movement
  • New Localism
  • NPM (New public management)          

URBANIZATION & CENSUS 2011

  • Urbanization
  • Trend and pattern of Urbanization
  • Issues Related to Urbanization in India
  • Status of Service Delivery and Governance
  • Urban Development Projects
  • Critical Analysis of Smart City Mission
  • SDG’s and urbanization

CENSUS 2011

  • Highlights of 2011 Census
  • Analysis of Sex Ratio Data
  • Impact of Skewed Ratio
  • Laws related to Prevent Female Infanticide
  • Recent initiatives
  • Trend and Current Scenario of Literacy in India
  • Literacy Challenges in India as Whole
  • Efforts to Improve the Literacy in Country
  • Child Health Indicators and Maternal Health             
  • Initiatives taken by the Government
  • Why the Health schemes fail to bring change?
  • Family Planning and Population Policy of India
  • Analysis on Status of Old Age Population: Issues & Policy Initiative
  • Socio-Economic Caste Census 2011
  • NRC

CONTEMPORARY ISSUES

  • Secularism, Regionalism & Communalism
    • Secularism and Anti Conversion    
    • Regionalism: Demand for Smaller States     
    • Socio-Economic Caste Census, 2011            
    • Gender Discrimination in the Corporate Sector

ISSUES RELATED TO WOMEN

  • Gender Discrimination in Corporate Sector
  • Female Genital Mutilation
  • Bill on Banning Triple Talaq
  • Issues of women entry to place of worship
  • Adultery No Longer a Crime : SC
  • Unwanted Girls in India
  • Altruistic Surrogacy in India
  • Women in Panchayats
  • Women Participation in Economy
  • # Me Too Movement
  • Draft National Policy for Women, 2016
  • Laws Related to Stalking in India
  • Debate on the Issue of Marital Rape
  • India’s Maternity Laws need Serious Tweaking         
  • Women in Judiciary Matters
  • SC’s Judgment on Dowry
  • Gender Budgeting: Critical Analysis

ISSUES RELATED TO CHILDREN

  • Issues Faced by Children in War Zone
  • High Dropout Rate of Girls in India
  • Child Trafficking
  • Safety of Children in Schools
  • Issue of Malnutrition in India
  • Amendments Proposed in Child Labour Act
  • Plight of Street Children
  • Juvenile Justice System
  • Child Marriages in India
  • Death for child Rape
  • Draft National Child Protection Policy
  • National Action Plan for Children, 2016

OTHER ISSUES

  • India’s Family Planning Programme: Critical Analysis
  • Demography and Policy Planning
  • India’s Ageing Report
  • Legalising Same Sex Marriage
  • Domestic Workers: Issues and Laws
  • Development Leading to Displacement
  • Moral Policing
  • Euthanasia and Living Will
  • Inadequacies in existing Human Trafficking laws in India
  • Transgender Bill passed in Lok Sabha with Amendments
  • Mental Health Care Bill
  • Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act
  • Manual Scavenging
  • Mob lynching and Rule of Law
  • Issue Related to Under trials
  • Income Inequality in India
  • Indigenous People in India : An Analysis
  • Debate Over Death Penalty
  • Global Slavery Index Report
  • Right to Privacy Judgement
  • SC Verdict on SC/ST Atrocities Bill
  • Social Stigma Attached with HIV

HEALTH & EDUCATION

  • Status Health sector
  • Status of Education sector
  • Allied Health Care Professions Bill, 2018
  • Ahead on Malaria: On reduction in cases in India
  • India and Neglected Disease Treatment
  • TB Status in India and Bedaquiline Patent Challenge
  • Status of E-Pharmacies in India
  • Changes Proposed in No Detention Policy
  • National Policy on Education
  • Capacity Building for Primary Health Care
  • NITI Aayog on Privatisation of Urban Health Care
  • National Health Policy, 2017
  • Regulating Private Healthcare
  • India’s Nutrition Challenge
  • Food Fortification
  • Sanitation and Nutrition Linkage
  • Ayushman Bharat

MISCELLANEOUS

  • Is social media polarizing society?
  • Online political adverstising and challenge for democracy and society
  • Draft Social Security Code
  • Uniform Civil Code
  • Critical Analysis of Stand Up India Scheme
  • SC Suggests for Prison Reforms
  • Statue of Unity

UPSC SYLLABUS

  • Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country
  • Different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage
  • Transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints
  • e-technology in the aid of farmers
  • Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices
  • Public Distribution System – objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security
  • Technology missions
  • Economics of animal-rearing
  • Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.
  • Land reforms in India.
  • Effects of liberalization on the economy
  • Changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth. Other economic development in field of Manufacturing and service sector

ROLE OF AGRICULTURE IN INDIAN ECONOMY

  • Land resource
  • Land-use pattern and Land capability classification
  • Causes and Impact of Land Degradation
  • Sustainable Land Management
  • Steps taken by GOI

LAND REFORMS

  • Objectives of Land Reforms in India
  • Progress of Land Reforms in India
  • NITI Aayog Report on Land Leasing

AGRICULTURE FINANCE

  • Features of Agricultural Finance
  • Criteria for Agricultural Credit
  • Need for Agricultural Finance
  • Sources of Agricultural Finance
  • Problems of Agricultural Finance
  • Measures taken to improve credit flow to agriculture
  • Co-operative Credit Societies in India

AGRICULTURAL CREDIT INSTITUTIONS

  • Multi Agency Approach
  • Commercial Bank
  • Lead Bank Scheme
  • Regional Rural Banks
  • National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD)
  • Reserve Bank of India
  • Kisan Credit Card Scheme
  • Bank Linkage Programme
  • Rural Infrastructure Development Fund (RIDF)
  • Government Policy For Agricultural Credit
  • Farmers Service Societies (FSS)

CROP INSURANCE IN INDIA

  • Issues Related to Crop Insurance
  • Pradhan MantriFasalBimaYojana
  • Comparison with Earlier Crop Insurance Schemes

AGRICULTURE MARKETING

  • Process of Agricultural Marketing in India
  • Structure of Agricultural Marketing in India
  • Importance of Proper Agriculture Marketing
  • Government Measures to Improve Agricultural Marketing in India
  • Analysis of APMC Act

SUBSIDIES

  • Objectives of subsidies
  • Transfer of resources from gainers from economic policies to losers from economic policies
  • Farm Subsidies
  • Fertiliser subsidies
  • Subsidy on power
  • Subsidy on irrigation
  • Rationale of Minimum Support Price
  • Impact of MSP on inflation
  • Public Distribution System: Objectives, functioning, limitations,, revamping, evolution from universal PDS to targeted PDS, Targeted PDS, a critical analysis of cost and benefit of PDS           
  • Buffer Stock policy and government’s intervention in food market to keep prices under reasonable limits to help consumers                                        
  • Food Security bill, questions of resource mobilization for the FSB, criticism of the FSB             
  • Important questions on the future of subsidies

AGRICULTURAL REVOLUTIONS IN INDIA

  • Green Revolution
  • White Revolution – Operation Flood
  • Yellow Revolution
  • Blue Revolution
  • Golden Fibre Revolution: Jute

FOOD PROCESSING

  • Processed Foods Scenario with respect to Specific Sectors
  • Infrastructure Development in Food Processing Sector
  • Issues in Food Processing Sector
  • FDI Policy in Food Processing
  • Notable Trends in the Indian Food Processing Sector
  • Strategies Adopted in Budget
  • New foreign and domestic investment
  • Sector-specific government policies

INDUSTRIAL POLICY AND INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT: MAIN ISSUES

  • Mahalanobis strategy and India’s industrial policy-Discussing Industrial policy resolution 
    1948 and 1956 critically
  • New Economic Policy and Industrial policy under the policy of liberalization, privatization and globalization
  • Phases of Industrial development since independence

MAIN FEATURES OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT IN INDIA

  • Roles of private sector and public sector, Investment in the industrial sector, employment, productivity, profit etc.
  • Strategies for disinvestment and privatization
  • Role of Small, Medium and Micro enterprises, Government Policy, main problems, effects of globalization
  • New Manufacturing Policy
  • Industrial disbursal and Industrial corridors
  • SEZs- Main issues like land use, relocation of same industries that exist, exports earnings vs loss of tax income
  • Industrial sickness, institutional mechanism to support the sick industries, exit policy issues
  • Main constraints in the industrial development of India
  • Effects of globalization on industries, Sub-prime crisis and sovereign debt crisis on Industry in India
  • Industrial Finance in India: Role of development banking, commercial banking, venture capital, angel capital in industrialization and promotion of entrepreneurship
  • Make in India achievements

UPSC SYLLABUS

  • Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, growth, development and unemployment
  • Mobilization of resources
  • Government Budgeting.
  • Investment models.
  • Financial and Money Market
  • Inflation
  • Direct and Indirect taxes
  • Inclusive growth & issues arising from it.

INDIAN ECONOMY AND ISSUES RELATING TO PLANNING

  • Role and objectives of Indian Planning
  • Planning Experience at the Centre and State level.
  • Regulatory Role of the State
  • Development Strategy in India’s Five Year Plan
  • Mahalanobis’ Four-Sector Growth Model and Employment Generation
  • Tackling the Problems of Poverty and Unemployment
  • Vital Role of the Public Sector
  • Analysis of India’s Economic Performance in Development Planning
  • Trends in Saving and Capital Formation since Independence
  • Role of NITI Aayog in Cooperative federalism

RESOURCE MOBILIZATION

  • Types of Resources: Physical and Financial
  • Need for Resource Mobilization- Police State and Democratic Welfare State policies
  • Sources of Resource Mobilization: Public Sector and Private Sector
  • Taxation and Mobilization of Resources for Economic Growth
  • Direct Taxes and Mobilisation of Resources
  • Agricultural Taxation & Resource Mobilisation
  • Role of Indirect Taxes in Resource Mobilisation
  • Mobilization of financial resources through Government Revenues
  • Role of Public Debt in resource mobilization and effects: Market borrowing, loans, grants, etc.
  • Role of Fiscal and Monetary policies in resource mobilization
  • Role of Foreign investment in resource mobilization:Desirability and Consequences
  • Multi-lateral agencies and resource mobilization
  • Challenges to Resource Mobilization

INCLUSIVE GROWTH AND ISSUES ARISING FROM IT

  • Meaning and concept of Inclusion
  • India’s experience of Inclusion
  • Why India’s growth is not inclusive?: Rural economy based growth, Need of Sustainable agriculture, food security and resilience for growth
  • What are the solutions?
  • Inclusion process through Social sector flagship schemes and Ground realities
  • Public distribution schemes: Can it be the way to inclusive growth
  • Financial inclusion as an instrument of inclusive growth
  • Poverty Alleviation and Employment Generation as a strategy for inclusive growth
  • Social sector development as an instrument for inclusive growth
  • Public private partnership for inclusive growth
  • Industrial Integration for inclusive growth
  • Sectoral and regional diversification as a tool for inclusive growth

GOVERNMENT BUDGETING

  • Budget terminology
  • Types of budget
  • Features of Outcome budgeting , Gender Budgeting
  • Benefits of budgeting
  • Flaws in budgeting process
  • Merger of Railway and General Budget
  • Budget analysis

INVESTMENT MODELS

  • Measures of Investment
  • Factors affecting investment
  • Classification of Investments : FDI
  • Angel Investors and Start-ups
  • Investment Models
  • Role of State
  • PPP (Public-Private Partnership)
  • Savings and Investment Trends

FISCAL POLICY

  • Fiscal Concept and Fiscal Policy in India
  • Government Revenues & Spending Trends
  • Impact of deficits on economic growth
  • Twin Balance Sheet syndrome
  • Types of Deficit

TAXATION

  • Objectives and Principles of Taxation
  • Taxation for Mobilization of Resources
  • Taxation System in India
  • Tax Reforms
  • GST and its impact on different sectors
  • Subsidies and its Impact

MONETARY POLICY IN INDIA

  • Instruments of Monetary Policy
  • Monetary policy in Pre-Reform Era (1948 – 1991)
  • Monetary Policy in Post-Reform Era (Since – 1991)
  • Urjit Patel Committee Report               
  • Monetary Policy Committee and Inflation Targeting

FINANCIAL SYSTEM

  • Money Market and Capital Market in India
  • Regulatory Framework in Indian Capital Market
  • Primary Market Reforms in India
  • Secondary Market Reforms in India
  • Current and capital account convertiblity
  • Risks of financial system              

BANKING

  • Indian Banking System
  • Terminologies/Concepts Related to Banking in India
  • Nationalization of Banks in India
  • Functions of Commercial Banks
  • Challenges Faced by Commercial Banks in India
  • Banking Reforms in India
  • New Bank License Criteria
  • Small Finance Banks and Payment Banks Criteria
  • Non-Banking Financial Company (NBFC)
  • Financial Inclusion
  • Issue of NPAs
  • Bills related to Banking

FOREIGN TRADE & INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS

  • Trends in International Trade
  • Foreign Trade Policy
  • Balance of Payments and Foreign Capital
  • Impact of Globalization on Indian Economy
  • International Monetary Fund (IMF)
  • World Trade Organisation (WTO)
  • World Bank Group AIIB and NDB

Contemporary Issue: Sectors of Indian Economy

INDUSTRY & LABOUR

  • Draft National Food Processing Policy Released
  • Initiatives for Fund for Start-Ups
  • Companies Need to Look Beyond CSR                                                                               
  • Initiatives to Support MSME Sector                                                                                     
  • Model Shop & Establishment Bill, 2016
  • National Capital Goods Policy 2016 unveiled
  • H-1B Visa Rule Change & It’s Impact on IT Sector                                                           
  • Unemployment Survey                                                                                                     
  • Draft Social Security Code                                                                                              
  • Analysis of Competition Commission of India                                                                 
  • Exit Issues and Insolvency Resolution Process                                                                
  • Government Limitations in Job Creation                                                                        
  • The Code on Wages, 2019                                                                                                           
  • Amendments in Bankruptcy Code                                                                                 
  • Contract Worker: Issues and Steps Needed                                                                             
  • Feminization of Agriculture                                                                                          
  • Challenges and opportunities of fourth 
    Industrial Revolution                                         
  • Why Manufacturing Sector is not able to Generate Jobs?                                              
  • Inequality between Large Business Houses & Smaller Businesses
  • How Labour Regulations Affect Manufacturing?  

AGRICULTURE

  • Niti Aayog Launches Agricultural Marketing & Farm Friendly Reforms Index
  • Defects in Procurement Policy
  • Reforming Trade in Agriculture Products  
  • Draft Model APMC Act, 2016
  • NITI Aayog Report on Agriculture
  • Agriculture Export Policy, 2018
  • Farm Policies: One-Size-Fits-All do not Work   
  • Lab to Land: How to Improve
  • Agriculture Price Policy in India        

INFRASTRUCTURE

  • Inland Waterways in India                                                                                                                 
  • Aviation Sector & Regional Connectivity Scheme: Udan                                                               
  • Air Service Agreement                          
  • Airline Sector: Downtime and the Turnaround              
  • Privatization of Air India: Critical Analysis                                                                       
  • Help Scheme
  • Multi-Modal Transport System
  • Bharatmala Pariyojana : Revolution In Indian National Highways
  • Privatization of Railways                                                                                                
  • Transformation in Indian Railways                                                                                  
  • Connecting North East                                                                                                   
  • Optimising Thermal Power in India                                                                                 
  • Reliable and Affordable Energy                                                                                        
  • Mineral Auction Rules, 2015

Contemporary Issue: Policy and Reforms in Indian Economy

BUDGET & TAXATION

  • Low Tax to GDP Ratio: Reasons and Suggestions
  • Public Debt Management Cell
  • IBBI and Insolvency Rules
  • Ponzi Scheme and Issues                                                                                                
  • Fat tax: Concept Analysis                                                                                                
  • Concept of Municipal Bonds                                                                                           
  • Lower Taxes, Higher Compliance: Implication on Economy               
  • How Shell Companies are used in Black Money?                                                           
  • Offshore Investments in Tax Havens                                                                               
  • Concept of Google Tax and its Implications                                                                                 
  • Sunset Clause and its Significance in Policies                                                                 
  • Government Rule on Capital Gains Tax                                                                             
  • Credit Rating Agencies and their Implications                                                                 
  • Fugitive Economic Offenders Bill

BANKING & FINANCE

  • Concept of Wilfull Defaulter                                                                                            
  • Concept of Shadow Banking                                                                                                       
  • Non Performing Assets                                                                                                   
  • Marginal Cost of Funds based Lending Rate                                                                   
  • Unified Payment Interface                                                                                               
  • India Post Payments Bank                                                                                              
  • Differentiated Bank Licenses                                                                                           
  • Digital Payments Scenario                                                                                              
  • Monetary Policy Committee                                                                                            
  • Report of Working Group on Development of Corporate Bond Market in India
  • IL & FS issue and Corporate Governance in India                                                                
  • SEBI reforms on Corporate Governance – Uday Kotak Committee
  • SEBI and Commodity markets in India                                                                             
  • Concept of Crypto-Currencies                                                                                          
  • Crypto Currencies Come Under SEBI Lens                                                                       
  • Corporate Governance: Role of SEBI                                                                                    
  • Peer to Peer Lending Firms                                                                                            
  • Bank Recapitalization Program                                                                                       
  • Lessons on NPA from Global Banks                                                                                
  • Need of Regulatory Regime for Alternative Investment Fund
  • Name and Shame Willful Defaulters  

SCHEMES & POLICIES

  • Sustainable Development Goals                                                                                              
  • Ease of Doing Business                                                                                                  
  • Critical Analysis of PM Crop Insurance Scheme                                                                
  • Bhavantar Bhugtan Yojana                                                                                                             
  • Operation Greens                                                                                                                                            
  • Critical Analysis of Banks Board Bureau                                                                          
  • Critical Analysis of Draft Energy Policy                                                                             
  • Critical Analysis of Stand up India Scheme                                                                     
  • New PPP Policy                                                                                                                                                  
  • Sagarmala Project                                                                                                         
  • Critical Analysis of Bharatmala Project                                                                               
  • GST ANALYSIS                                                                                                            
  • How GST has Affected Small Business

EXTERNAL SECTOR

  • FDI Status and Issues in India
  • Permanent Residency Status for Foreign Investors                                                                         
  • WTO Reforms and India’s Stance
  • Dispute Settlement Mechanism at WTO
  • Gist of Foreign Trade Policy (FTP) 2015-2020                                                                  
  • Reforms in IMF Quota
  • Rising New Form of Protectionism
  • BIT Dispute Management Strategy
  • Broad Based Trade and Investment Agreement (India-EU FTA Talks)
  • Nachiket Mor Committee
  • P J  Nayak Committee
  • Vijay Kelkar Committee on PPP Reforms
  • Parthasarathi Shome Committee on GAAR
  • Urjit Patel Committee Report on Monetary Policy
  • Mahapatra Committee (NBFC Loan Restructuring)                                                           
  • Usha Thorat Committee (2012)
  • Bibek Debroy Committee (Railways)
  • N K Singh Panel Report on FRBM Act
  • Shanta Kumar Committee
  • Watal Committee on Digital Payments
  • HR Khan Committee on Foreign Portfolio Investment
  • Strategic Partnership Policy to Boost Defence Manufacturing: Dhirendra Singh Committee

Science and Technology

UPSC SYLLABUS

  • Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.
  • Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

INTRODUCTION

  • India’s Policy in the Field of the Science & Technology
  • The Science & Technology Policy Resolution in 1958
  • Science & Technology Policy 2013
  • Institutional Structure
  • New Initiatives Aligned with the NationalAgenda
  • India & World Collaboration in Science Projects

SPACE

  • Satellite Communication in India
  • INSAT Satellite Applications
  • Remote Sensing Applications
  • Cryogenic Rockets
  • Global Positioning System
  • Role of Space in Development
  • ISRO as Soft Power
  • Issue of Space Race
  • Space Activities Bill, 2017
  • Outer space treaty

IT, TELECOM & ELECTRONICS

  • IT Industry in India
  • Applications of Information Technology
  • Display Technologies
  • Telecommunication
  • Government Initiatives
  • Contemporary Debates

DEFENCE

  • Missile System and their Classification
  • India’s Missile System
  • India’s Ballistic Missile Defence System
  • UAVs in India
  • Stealth Technology ,Chemical Weapons , Biological Weapons

NANO-SCIENCE & NANO-TECHNOLOGY

  • Nanoscience Nanotechnology and Nanomaterials
  • Applications of Nanotechnology
  • Health & Environmental Impacts of Nanotechnology
  • Social & Ethical Impacts
  • Nano-Science& Nanotechnology in India

ROBOTICS

  • Robotics & Artificial Intelligence
  • Applications of Robotics
  • Robotics and Issues of Unemployment

NUCLEAR ENERGY

  • Nuclear-Power Policy of India
  • Non-energy Applications of Nuclear Energy
  • Impact of Radiation, Issue of RadioactiveWaste
  • Institutions involved in Nuclear Energy Development
  • Nuclear & Radiological Disasters

BIOTECHNOLOGY

  • Application of Biotechnology
  • Biotechnology Projects
  • Issue of Bio-Piracy
  • Bioinformatics
  • Biotechnology and IPR Issue
  • Ethical Dimension In Biotechnology

RENEWABLE ENERGY

  • Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC)
  • Concept of Green Building
  • Tidal , Wave , Geothermal Energy , Fuel Cells

ACHIEVEMENTS OF INDIANS IN SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

  • Scientists of Ancient India
  • Science and Scientists of Medieval India
  • Scientists of Modern India
  • Policies& Reports related to Science
    • Technology Vision Document 2035
    • National Biotechnology Development Strategy 2015-2020
    • National Intellectual Property Rights Policy
    • Policy on Synthetic Biology
    • Law Commission Report on Human DNA Profiling

Contemporary Issue

SPACE

  • OUTER SPACE TREATY
  • NEUTRINO OBSERVATORY
  • SOLAR MISSION- ADITYA
  • Chandrayaan-2 Mission
  • GRAVITATIONAL WAVES
  • IMPORTANCE OF NAVIGATION SYSTEM
  • Reusable Launch Vehicle
  • About SN Bose
  • Stephen Hawking
  • Space Activities Bill, 2017
  • ISRO AS SOFT POWER
  • ISRO’S ROLE IN SOCIO-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
  • Space Debris
  • GAGANYAAN
  • 20 years of International Space Station

BIOTECHNOLOGY & HEALTH

  • Tuberculosis
  • Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV
  • Nipah Virus Infection
  • Generic Drugs in India
  • Stent Implants
  • INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS: ISSUES & CONCERNS
  • Misuse of Secondary Patent Methodology
  • Digital Biopiracy
  • Clinical Applications of whole Genome Sequencing
  • Three-Parent Babies Permitted in UK
  • Mass Embryo Transfer
  • Issues Related to Gm Food
  • Importance of Genetic Testing
  • Health Geo-Mapping Project
  • Digital Health Technology Eco-System
  • Ethical Dimension In Biotechnology
  • Law Commission Report on Human DNA Profiling
  • Law against Genetic Discrimination
  • Genome Editing: What, Why and Way Forward

DEFENCE

  • India’s Missile System
  • Brahmos and its Significance
  • India’s Ballistic Missile Defence System
  • Indian Submarines and Naval Ships
  • Light Combat Aircraft
  • UAVs in India
  • Chemical Weapons
  • Biological Weapons

POLICIES RELATED TO SCIENCE

  • Sti Policy 2013 of India: Analysis
  • The Paradox of Innovation
  • Analysis of INSPIRE Scheme
  • National Biotechnology Development Strategy 2015- 2020
  • Organ Donation Rules in India
  • Policy on Synthetic Biology
  • The Dna Technology (Use and Application) Regulation Bill, 2018
  • Maharashtra’s Public Cloud Policy
  • National Policy on Electronics 2019
  • Roadmap for Drones
  • National Wind-Solar Hybrid Policy
  • Draft Rules for E-Pharmacies
  • National Digital Communications Policy
  • Net Neutrality

IT & TELECOM

  • Internet Of Things
  • Big Data Initiative
  • Supercomputer and its Applications
  • Li-Fi Technology and its Application
  • Use of it in Financial Inclusion
  • Credit/Debit Card Crimes
  • Bharatnet Project
  • Wanna Cry Malware
  • Concept of Cyber-Physical Systems
  • Esign Electronic Signature Service: Significance & Applications
  • Digital India: Achievements
  • Adoption of Blockchain Technology to Stop Bank Frauds
  • Artificial Intelligence and Society
  • Two Authentication Procedure
  • Facial Authentication Working
  • Issue of Internet Governance
  • Quantum computing
  • National supercomputing mission
  • Data Protection-B N srikrishna committee
  • Data Localisation and Related Issues
  • National Digital Literacy Mission and Digital NE vision
  • National Mission on Interdisciplinary Cyber-Physical Systems (NM-ICPS)
  • Bullet Train

INITIATIVES IN THE FIELD OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

  • Technology and Food Security
  • BOOSTING Horticulture through Remote Sensing
  • Hyperloop Transportation Technology
  • Cloud Seeding Experiment In Maharashtra
  • Nano-Technology Medicines
  • Hydrogen Bomb
  • Ear Tagging In Cattle
  • e-Cigarette
  • Kudankulam Nuclear Power Plant
  • Geo-Tagging The Assets In Mgnrega
  • Robot Tax and its Implications
  • India & World Collaboration in Science Projects

INITIATIVES IN THE FIELD OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

  • Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV
  • Nipah Virus Infection
  • Avian Influenza or Bird Flu
  • Bovine TB
  • Encephalitis
  • Kyasanoor Forest Disease (Monkey Fever)
  • Hospital Acquired Infection
  • Rotavirus
  • Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Virus
  • Swine Flu
  • Chikanguniya
  • Tuberculosis

Environment

UPSC SYLLABUS

  • Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.
  • Disaster and disaster management.

ENVIRONMENT AND ECOLOGY: BASIC UNDERSTANDING

  • Introduction
  • Categories of Environment
  • Features of Environment
  • Components of Environment
  • Ecology

ECOSYSTEM AND ITS DYNAMICS

  • Ecosystem Definitions
  • Properties of Ecosystem
  • Components of Ecosystem
    • Abiotic Factors
    • Biotic Factors
  • Ecosystem Dynamics

BIOGEOCHEMICAL CYCLES

  • Gaseous Cycle
    • Carbon Cycle
  • Human Impact on the Carbon Cycle
  • Effects of High Concentration of Greenhouse Gases
    • Hydrological Cycle
    • Nitrogen Cycle
    • Human Impact on the Nitrogen Cycle
    • Oxygen Cycle
  • Sedimentary Cycle
    • Sulphur Cycle
  • Human Impact on the Sulphur Cycle
    • Phosphorus Cycle

TYPES OF ECOSYSTEMS

  • Terrestrial Ecosystem
  • Aquatic Ecosystem
  • Changes in Ecosystem
  • Ecosystem Conservation
  • Ecology vs. Economy

POPULATION ECOLOGY

  • Population Characteristics
  • Population Growth Models
  • Species
  • Carrying Capacity of Earth           

BIOSPHERE

  • Extent of the Biosphere
  • Working of the Biosphere
  • Importance of the Biosphere
  • Alpha, Beta, Gamma Diversity
  • Biomes
  • Global Biomes
    • Major Biomes of the World
    • WWF Classification of Biomes
    • Terrestrial Biomes
    • Aquatic Biomes
  • Indian Biomes

BIODIVERSITY

  • Types of Biodiversity
  • Value of the Biodiversity
  • Threats to Biodiversity
    • Causes of Biodiversity losses (‘The Evil Quartet’)
    • Invasive species
    • Effects of Loss of Bio-Diversity
  • Extinction of Species
  • Types – Natural, Mass, Anthropogenic
  • Causes of Extinction
  • Consequences of Extinction of Species

BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION

  • Conservation Strategies
  • Conservation Tools
  • IUCN
  • IUCN Red List
  • Ecologically Sensitive Area (ESAs)
  • In-situ methods of conservation of biodiversity
    • Advantages of In-situ Conservation
    • Disadvantages of In-situ conservation
  • Ex-situ Methods of Conservation of Biodiversity

POLLUTION & DEGRADATION

  • Land Degradation
    • Causes and Impact of Land Degradation
    • Desertification
    • Sustainable Land Management
    • Soil Erosion
    • Problems due to Excessive Irrigation
    • Soil Conservation
  • Air Pollution
    • Causes of Air Pollution
    • Harmful Effects of Common Air Pollutants
    • Control of Air Pollution
  • Marine Pollution
    • Effects of Marine Pollution
    • Coastal Regulation Zone Notification, 2011
  • Mining & Pollution
    • Effects of Mining on Environment
    • Concept of Sustainable Mining
    • Acts to regulate the adverse effects of Mining Activities
  • Other Pollution
    • Effects of Noise Pollution on Human Health
    • Harmful Effects from Biological Contaminants
    • Harmful Effects of Radioactive Pollution
    • Nuclear Accidents
  • Water Degradation
    • Measurement of Water Pollution
    • Harmful Effects of Water Pollution
    • Delhi Pollution

WASTE MANAGEMENT

  • Solid Waste Management
    • Salient features of SWM Rules, 2016
  • e-waste Management
    • Pollutants and their Health Impacts
    • Importance of the E-Waste Management
    • E-waste (Management & Handling) Rules, 2016
  • Biomedical Waste
    • Hazards Associated with Waste Management
    • Bio-Medical Waste Management Rules, 2016
  • Hazardous Waste
    • Hazardous Waste Treatment
    • Hazardous and Other Wastes (Management & Transboundary Movement) Rules, 2016

CLIMATE CHANGE

  • Factors Affecting Climate Change
  • Impact of climate change & its mitigation
  • Climate Change Management
    • Conventions
    • International Organisations

ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT SUSTAINABLE PRACTICES

  • Impact of Agriculture on Environment
    • Sustainable Agriculture
  • Sustainable Agriculture
    • Hi-tech Farming Methods
    • Rain Water Harvesting
    • Green Buildings and their Rating System in India
  • Eco-tourism – Advantages & Disadvantages of Eco-tourism

Contemporary Issue

WILDLIFE

  • Man-Animal Conflicts in India
  • Poaching activities in India
  • Development leads to tiger extinction
  • Elephant Conservation
  • International treaties for wildlife conservation Use of drones for wildlife conservation
  • Urban Land Acting as Death Traps for Birds
  • Eco-Bridges and Biodiversity Management
  • Suderbans at risk due to Climate Change
  • Critical Wildlife Habitats
  • Declining Population of Pollinators
  • International treaties for Wildlife Conservation

COMBATING POLLUTION

  • Indoor Air Pollution and its impact
  • Impact of Particulate Matter
  • Smog and its impact
  • Aerosol shrinking India’s Monsoon
  • Stubble Burning
  • Mobile radiation Impact on Health
  • Heavy water Pollution
  • Plastic Pollution
  • Light Immersion Pollution                    
  • Idol Pollution
  • Oil Spill
  • Garbage Dumping and its Environment
  • E-waste Management Rules 2016
  • Groundwater contamination (Arsenic, Uranium)
  • Bharat Stage Norm
  • What is Polluters Pay Model?
  • LANCET Study REPORT: Most Pollution linked deaths occur in India
  • Beach (Coastal) Pollution
  • Nitrogen Pollution
  • Hazardous Waste (Management & Transboundary Movement) Rules, 2016

CLIMATE CHANGE

  • Conference of Parties (COP-24) at Katowice
  • Marrakech Climate Change Conference
  • Paris Agreement
  • US moved out of Paris agreement
  • Kigali Agreement
  • Kyoto Protocol (2nd Commitment)
  • IPCC Report 2018
  • International Solar Alliance
  • Concept of Green Bond
  • Green Climate Fund
  • Carbon Tax Feasibility in India
  • Concept of Green Building
  • Concept of Carbon Credit
  • Climate Change and Cities
  • Climate change and its impact on Health
  • Climate Change and Agriculture
  • Climate Change and sea level Rise
  • Ocean Warming
  • Melting of Gangotri Glacier
  • Programmes and Policies Initiated for Mitigating Climate Change
  • International Collaboration for Mitigating Climate Change
  • Ethical issue involved in climate change
  • Third Pole and Climate Change
  • UNCCD 2018-2030 Strategic Framework
  • Regulatory Indicators for Sustainable Energy (Rise) 2018 – Wb
  • Accounting Methods of Climate Fund Questioned
  • Tackling Climate Change from a Security Perspective
  • Effects of Global Warming on El Nino in The 21st Century
  • India to Expand Polar Research to Arctic
  • Bengal Tigers may not Survive Climate Change
  • Scientists Mull Stratospheric Barrier to Curb Global Warming

RENEWABLE ENERGY

  • Biogas
  • National Solar Mission
  • Status of Hydro Power energy in India
  • Alternative fuels in India
  • Draft Energy Policy
  • National Energy Storage Mission
  • Indian Renewable Energy Development Agency
  • National Wind-solar Hybrid Policy
  • Photo-voltaic industry and CPSU scheme

INITIATIVES FOR ENVIRONMENTAL CONSERVATION

  • Compensatory Afforestation Fund Act
  • Draft National Wildlife Action Plan
  • Wetland Management Rules, 2017
  • Initiatives to enhance green cover
  • Policy on Promotion of City Compost
  • Ancient Bawadis and Water Management
  • Living status to Rivers
  • Ganga River Pollution
  • Environment Impact Assessment
  • Environmental Compliance and Enforcement in India
  • Public Participation for Environmental conservation
  • Western Ghats biodiversity conservation
  • The 25 Year Environment Plan
  • India’s National Redd+ Strategy
  • EnviStats-India 2019
  • Indian Forest Act amendment
  • Sustainable India Finance Facility (SIFF)
  • Sustainable Development in Indian Himalayan Region
  • Global Carbon Project (GCP)
  • Naturalized species
  • Resource Efficiency Cell
  • India Cooling Action Plan (ICAP), Global Cooling Coalition
  • Island protection zone (IPZ) 2019 for Andaman and Nicobar
  • Plan to save Himalayan springs
  • Environmental Institutions
  • Pollution Control Board: Analysis
  • National Green Tribunal: Analysis
  • Forest Survey of India and India State of Forest Report, 2017
  • Genetic Engineering Appraisal Committee
  • Traditional Knowledge Digital Library

MISCELLANEOUS ISSUES

  • Impacts of Dam and fishing
  • Issue of Land Degradation
  • Sand Mining
  • Algal bloom Issue
  • Melting of Antarctica and its impact
  • River linking project and its impact
  • Bottom Trawling to Deep Sea fishing
  • Mass Coral Bleaching – Threats to coral reefs
  • Forest Fires

Ethics

UPSC SYLLABUS

  • Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships
  • Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values
  • Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion
  • Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world

ETHICS: BASIC INTRODUCTION

  • Dimensions and Essence of Ethics
  • Approaches of Ethical Study: Indian Perspective and Western Perspective
  • Basic concepts: morality and value    
  • Ethics in public life
  • Ethics in Economic Life
  • Freedom and Discipline
  • Duties and Rights
  • Virtue Ethics
  • Consequences of Ethics in Human Actions
  • Values and Ethics in Government: Legislature, Executive and judiciary
  • Contribution of Family in Value Education
  • Contribution of Society in Inculcating Values
  • Role of Educational Institutions in 
    Inculcating Values

HUMAN VALUES

  • Human Values& Socialization
  • Individual Personality and Values
  • Values and Skill
  • Fundamental and Instrumental Values
  • Democratic values
  • Role of Ethical values in governance and society
  • Significance of values in civil services
  • Aesthetic values
  • Values in work life and professional ethics

APTITUDE AND FOUNDATIONAL VALUES OF CIVIL SERVICES

  • Essential Aptitude for civil servants
  • Foundational Values of Civil Services
  • Civil Services Accountability
  • Neutrality, Anonymity, Integrity , Humility , Adaptability , Magnanimity , Perseverance
  • Impartiality and Non-Partisanship
  • Tolerance and compassion for the Weaker section
  • Contribution to society by Civil Services

INDIA & WORLD THINKERS

  • Indian Thinkers
    • Mahatama Gandhi
    • S Radhakrishnan
    • Rabindranath Tagore
    • Swami DayanandSaraswati
    • MahadevaGovindaRanade
    • Sri Aurobindo
    • Swami Vivekananda
    • Sardar Patel
    • Buddha
    • Bhim Rao Ambedkar
    • Raja Ram Mohan Roy
    • ChhatrapatiShahuMaharaj
    • Mother Teresa
    • Amitabha Chowdhury
    • Aruna Roy
    • T N Seshan
    • E Sreedharan
  • Administrative Thinkers
    • Max Weber
    • Elton Mayo
    • Peter Drucker
    • Chestar Barnard
    • Mary Parker Follet
  • World Thinkers
    • Plato
    • Aristotle
    • Socrates
    • Jeremy Bentham
    • S. Mill
    • Thomas Hobbes
    • John Locke
    • Jean Jacques Rousseau
    • John Rawls
    • Immanuel Kant
    • Carol Gilligan
    • Jean Paul Sartre
    • Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel
    • Confucius
    • Rene Descartes
    • Karl Marx
    • Adam Smith
    • Thomas Aquinas
    • David Hume
    • Democritus
    • Galileo
    • Friedrich Nietzsche
    • Montesquieu
    • Voltaire
    • Thomas Jefferson
  • Indian & World Leaders
    • Benjamin Franklin
    • Martin Luther King
    • Dalai Lama
    • Nelson Mandela
    • Mahatma Gandhi
    • Siddhartha Gautama
    • Aung San Suu Kyi
    • Swami Vivekananda
    • Albert Einstein
    • Abraham Lincoln
    • Mother Teresa
    • J L Nehru
    • Lee Kuan Yew
    • Henry Ford
    • Abdul Kalam
    • Muhammad Yunus
    • Wangari Maathai
    • Kofi Annan
    • Lech Walesa
    • Desmond Tutu
    • Isaac Newton
    • Elie Wiesel
    • King Ashoka
    • Sun Yat Sen

EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE

  • Concept of Emotional Intelligence Models of emotional intelligence
  • Peter Salovey and John Mayer
  • Reuven Bar-on Model
  • Goleman’s model
  • Utilities of Emotional Intelligence
  • Main Components of emotional intelligence
  • Importance of emotional intelligence in bureaucracy
  • Relevance of Emotional intelligence in Civil Services
  • Critiques of emotional intelligence

ATTITUDE

  • Components of Attitude: Affective, Cognitive, Behavioral component
  • Functions of Attitude: Adjustive, Ego-Defensive, Value-Expressive , Knowledge Function
  • Attitude Formation Model
  • Impact of Beliefs and Values on Attitude
  • Group Influences
  • Social Influence
  • Persuasion Tactics and Tools of Persuasion
  • Moral Attitude formation
  • Political Attitude formation

ETHICS & GOVERNANCE

  • Values & Ethics in Public Administration
  • Ethical Concerns in Public Institution
  • Ethical Concerns in Private Institutions
  • Ethical Dilemmas in Public and Private Institutions
  • Laws, Rules and Regulations as Source of Ethical Guidance
  • Accountability and Ethical Governance Strengthening of Ethical and Moral Values in Governance
  • Moral Judgments in International Relations Ethical Relation in Funding
  • International Relations and concept of Moral Responsibility
  • Ethics in working of international organizations
  • What is Corporate Governance?
  • Models of Corporate Social Responsibility
  • Steps taken by World Bank for Good Corporate Governance
  • Norms for Corporate Government in India
  • Concept of business ethics         

PROBITY IN GOVERNANCE

  • Concept of Public Service
  • Philosophical basis of Governance and Probity
  • Information Sharing, Transparency and  Right to Information
  • Flaws in RTI and recommendations for improvement
  • Importance of vigilant citizens
  • Information sharing and participation Importance of Code of ethics
  • Code of Ethics in Professions
  • Code of Conduct for Ministers; for Legislators; for Civil Servants; for Regulators and for the Judiciary
  • Components of a Citizen Charter
  • Steps in formulation of a Citizen’s Charter … Concept of Work Culture
  • The Indian Approach to Work
  • Methods of improving Work Culture
  • Quality of Service Delivery
  • Utilisation of Public Funds
  • Problems in Fund Release and Utilization Parliamentary Control on Expenditure
  • Corruption in India: extent, dimension, and response
  • Corruption as a social evil
  • Probity in public life Corrupt practice among civil servants and official misconduct
  • Exposing corruption: Civil Society initiatives and role of Whistleblower Act
  • Tackling corruption: Role of government and institutions of governance
  • Controlling corruption: Various approaches and efficacy

Applied Ethics

EUTHANASIA ISSUE

  • Social and Ethical perspective
  • Different arguments related to Euthanasia

SURROGACY

  • Case studies and Ethical Issues
  • Concept of ethical surrogacy

ETHICS & SPORTS

  • Importance of sports
  • Ethical Issue: Need for sportsmanship, Doping
  • Ethical Issue: Discrimination and Sexual Harassment
  • Ethical Issue: Sports as a Business
  • Measures needed

MEDIA ETHICS

  • Role of Media and Ethical Issues faced by Reporters
  • Trial by Media and Media Prejudice
  • Ethical Dilemma faced by Photo Journalists
  • Digital Media Ethics
  • Paid News

BUSINESS ETHICS

  • Principles of Business Ethics
  • Dimensions related to Business Ethics in Organisation
  • Business Ethics and Corporate Governance
  • Journey from Philanthropy to Corporate Social Responsibility
  • Issues related to Corporate Social Responsibility
  • Issues in implementation of Business Ethics

ETHICS RELATED TO ECONOMIC SANCTIONS

  • Why Economic Sanctions placed?
  • Ethics in Economic Sanctions

REFUGEES & ETHICS

  • Why Migration occurs?
  • Case study of Syria
  • Dilemmas related to Refugee crisis
  • Rohingya Crisis

ETHICAL DILEMMAS OF GLOBALIZATION

  • What is Globalization
  • Free trade in Globalized world
  • Issues with Newly Developed Trade Patterns
  • Criticism against global regime

ETHICS OF WAR

  • Ethics and War theories
  • Evils of war

ENVIRONMENTAL ETHICS

  • Linkage between Ethics and Environment
  • Theories related to Environmental ethics
  • Role of individual and society at large

ETHICAL ISSUES IN BIOTECHNOLOGY

  • Issues related to Stem Cell
  • Issues related to cloning
  • Issues related to designer babies
  • Genetic engineering

ANIMAL ETHICS

  • Issues of conducting research on animals
  • Issue of keeping animals as pets
  • Issue of Cruelty against animals

FOOD ADULTERATION AND ETHICS

  • Ethical dimension
  • Ethical issue related to food additive

ABORTION: ETHICAL OR UNETHICAL

  • Law of abortion in India
  • Recent Supreme Court verdict
  • Ethical Issue: Health of Women vs. foetus
  • Justification for abortion – Argument against abortion
  • Abortion and women rights
  • Abortion and father rights
  • Honour Killing
  • Role of khap Panchayats

MARITAL RAPE

  • Why Marital Rape should not be criminalized?
  • Why Marital Rape should be criminalized?
  • What are the hurdles?

CHILD LABOUR

  • Rights of children
  • Child labour and company
  • Role of consumer

ETHICAL ISSUES INVOLVED IN JUVENILE JUSTICE SYSTEM

  • Negative implications
  • Ethics and Old Age
  • Ethical issues
  • Issues faced
  • Importance of autonomy

Internal Security Challenges in India

UPSC SYLLABUS

  • Science and Technology- developments and Linkages between development and spread of extremism.
  • Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.
  • Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention.
  • Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism. Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate.

INTERNAL SECURITY CHALLENGES

  • Social Diversity as Issues of Security Threat
  • Challenges from within India
  • Neighbors as Issue of Security Threat
    • Pakistan
    • China
    • Myanmar
    • Bangladesh
    • Bhutan
    • Nepal
    • Sri Lanka
  • Non-State Actors as Issue of Security Threat
  • Global Indices and Measurement of 
    Vulnerability of a State towards such Non-State Actors
  • Law and Order vs. Internal Security

TERRORISM THREAT TO INDIA

  • Changing face of Terrorism
  • Terror Threats Faced by India
  • Broader Framework to Deal with Terrorism

ORGANIZED CRIME

  • Types of Organized Crime
  • Problems in controlling organized crimes
  • Combating organized crimes
  • Linkage of Terrorism and Organized Crime in India

LINKAGE BETWEEN DEVELOPMENT AND SPREAD OF EXTREMISM

  • What is Naxalism
  • What is the History of Naxal Movement
  • Why naxalism is a biggest threat to internal security?

INSURGENCY IN NORTH-EAST

  • Introduction
  • Issues & Conflicts
  • Assam Insurgency

SECURITY CHALLENGES IN BORDER AREAS

  • Challenges to Border Management
  • Issues Faced in Border Management
  • Community Participation for Border Management

BASICS OF CYBER SECURITY

  • Basic Definition
  • Types of Cyber Crimes
  • Impact and Steps needed
  • Recent Incident: Ransomware
  • National Cyber Security Policy of India 2013

CYBER WARFARE

  • Factors Contributing/Aggravating Rise of Cyber Attack
  • Recent Initiatives for Tackling Cyber Warfare
  • Way Ahead
  • Chinas role in cyber warfare
  • Different spywares

SOCIAL MEDIA AND INTERNAL SECURITY THREAT

  • Regulation of Social Media in India for Internal Security
  • Challenges in Monitoring Social Media

MONEY LAUNDERING

  • Meaning of Money Laundering
  • Harmful Effects of Money Laundering
  • Steps taken by the Government

BLACK MONEY IN INDIA

  • Parallel Economy in India
  • Measures taken to curb Black Money?
  • Demonetization for curbing black money
  • Impact of demonetization on black money
  • Criticisms

SECURITY FORCES AND THEIR MANDATE

  • Police Reforms in India
  • Organizational Structure
  • Duties and Responsibilities of the Police
  • Centre’s Role in Policing
  • Traditional Security Challenges
  • Non-Traditional Security Challenges (NTS)
  • Recommendations for Police Reforms
  • Police we Want in 21stCentury            
  • Prison Reforms

VARIOUS SECURITY FORCES AND THEIR MANDATE

  • Assam Rifles
  • Border Security Force (BSF)
  • Indo-Tibetan Border Police
  • Central Industrial Security Force (CISF)
  • Central Reserve Police Force
  • National Security Guard
  • Issues with Paramilitary Forces

ROLE OF ARMY IN INTERNAL SECURITY

  • Strategic Perspective: Has role of Military become more relevant today?
  • National Context
  • The Indian Army’s Response
    • Structural Adaptation
    • Doctrinal Development
    • Leadership Adaptation
    • Long-term Perspective

GOVERNANCE ISSUES RELATED TO INTERNAL SECURITY

  • Threats, Challenges and Vulnerabilities in 21stCentury
  • Introduction
  • China: The Long-term Challenge
  • Managing the China-Pakistan Collusion
  • Nuclear, Biological and Chemical Threat
  • Aerospace Threats
  • Maritime Security
  • Natural Resources
  • Conflict over Water
  • Energy Security
  • Global Warming
  • Indian Diaspora
  • Economic Warfare
  • Role of foreign elements in disturbing internal security

IMPACT OF GOVERNANCE AND JUSTICE DELIVERY SYSTEM ON INTERNAL SECURITY

  • Importance of Good Governance in Internal Security
  • Reforms Needed
  • Improving E-governance platforms

NATIONAL SECURITY MECHANISM

  • Improving Policing and Intelligence
  • Resolving Centre-State Issues in Managing Internal Security

ISSUES IN INTELLIGENCE SERVICES

  • Response Mechanism in India
  • What are the Major INTELLIGENCE Challenges?
  • Steps to tackle the flaws
  • What are the probable measures to improve Intelligence Services in India?
  • How to Create these Capabilities?
  • Recent terrorist attacks an role of intelligence in that context

STRATEGY FOR COASTAL AND OFFSHORE SECURITY

  • Different Facets of Maritime Security
  • Different Reporting Mechanism for Handling Security
  • Importance of Coastal Community Participation

MAKE IN INDIA IN DEFENCE

  • Present Scenario
  • Make in India in Defense
  • Government Policy
  • Strategy for Indigenization
    • Skill Development
  • Technology acquisition

Contemporary Issues

MILITARY RELATED POLICIES IN INDIA

  • Joint Doctrine Indian Armed Forces – 2017
  • Doctrine of Hot Pursuit
  • Military Cold Start Doctrine
  • India’s Military Readiness
  • Women into Military Police
  • Anti-Hijacking Act, 2016: An Analysis

DEFENSE PROCUREMENT

  • Working Analysis of Defence PSU
  • DRDO (Defence Research & Development Organization)
  • Make in India in Defense
  • CAG Report on Ammunitions Management System
  • Strategic Partnership Policy to Boost Defense Manufacturing
  • China increasing Defence Budget and India’s decreasing (implications)

ISSUES RELATED TO SECURITY FORCES

  • Central Armed Police Forces
  • I Indian Police Structure
  • Police Modernization Scheme
  • Police Reform with Respect to Cyber Security
  • Police Surveillance in Age of Big Data
  • Andaman Sea Region: India Eyes for Military Expansion
  • Role of Indian Navy in Indian Ocean
  • Draft Amendments to National Investigation Agency Act-2008 Released
  • One Rank One Pension
  • Non Lethal Weapons to Control Crowd and Laws Related to it
  • V.S.N. Prasad Report on alternatives to Pellet Guns

ISSUES RELATED TO INTERNAL SECURITY

  • Strategy for Managing Internal Security
  • Counter-terrorism Infrastructure in India
  • ISIS Challenge in India
  • Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism
  • Naxalism
  • Peace Accord
  • Organized Crime
  • Media and Internal Security Threat
  • Does Social Media Threaten Democracy?

International Relations

UPSC SYLLABUS

  • India and its neighbourhood- relations.
  • Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests
  • Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests,
  • Indian diaspora
  • Important International institutions, agencies and fora, their structure, mandate

INDIA’S FOREIGN POLICY

  • Evolution and Challenges
    • Evolution of India’s foreign policy (Including NAM, Look East and Gujral Doctrine)
    • Determinants and challenges of India’s Foreign Policy
  • Recent Policies
    • Neighborhood first policy
    • Act east policy
    • Link west policy
    • Indian ocean outreach
    • Soft Power and Hard Power diplomacy
    • Defence and Nuclear Diplomacy
    • Space diplomacy
    • Para diplomacy-A New Way for Indian  Foreign Policy?
    • Middle Power Coalition
    • Significance of PMO in foreign policy making
    • India’s Strategic Connect with the World
    • Rise of Realpolitik in India’s Foreign Policy in recent times
    • Indian Diaspora

INDIA AND ITS NEIGHBOURS

  • India-China
    • Border dispute
    • China’s string of pearls
    • China’s Belt and Road Initiative: Prospects and Pitfalls
      • Maritime Silk Road” linking the Indian and Pacific Oceans
      • Why India is alarmed regarding BRI?
    • India’s trade deficit with China
    • China’s Malacca Dilemma
    • 2+1 Dialogue mechanism proposed by China
    • A rising China: Challenges the US primacy in Asia and role of India
    • Chinese project of diverting Tibetan waters
    • South China Sea: objection of China to   India’s presence
    • China denies CPEC backing as ‘debt trap’ for Pakistan (Debt trap diplomacy of China)
    • The Unintended Consequences of India’s Policy on Citizenship for Tibetan Refugees
    • Indias Concern in Joining RCEP    
    • China’s Economic Slowdown
  • India-Pakistan
  • Indo-Pak Relations : Border Dispute and J&K issue
    • Terrorism emanating from Pakistan
    • Indus waters policy shift
    • Dispute over Gilgit-Baltistan
    • CPEC in PoK
    • Nuclear India-Pak-US
    • Indian stance regarding Baluchistan
  • India Bhutan
    • Bhutan’s significance for Indian Foreign policy
    • India-Bhutan Friendship Treaty
    • Objection of Bhutan to India’s Motor vehicle agreement
    • Bhutan’s rejection of China’s BRI
  • India-Nepal
    • Indo-Nepal Relations : Fluctuating ties
    • Nepal’s tilt towards China
    • Nepal-China Transit Agreement: An Evaluation
    • India’s concern about Nepal’s new Constitution
    • The Issue of Water and Hydropower Cooperation
    • Nepal Bharat Maitri Project
  • India-Myanmar
    • Democracy in Myanmar
    • Scope for cooperation between N-E India & Myanmar
    • Rohingya issue
    • Buddhist Chauvinism
    • Major Projects: Kaladan multi-modal corridor, India-Myanmar- Thailand trilateral highway
  • India-Bangladesh
    • Indo-Bangladesh Relations
    • Water Dispute Teesta water issue & Ganga river dispute
    • Bangladesh demand to stop the construction of the Tipaimukh Hydro- Electric Power Project on the Barak River
    • Differences in approach of India and China towards Bangladesh
    • Illegal Immigration
    • Understanding Bangladesh’s Unexpected Development Success
  • India-Afghanistan
    • Instability in Afghanistan and role of India
    • India’s cooperation in Afghanistan               
    • Moscow Format
  • India-Maldives
    • Geostrategic Importance of Maldives
    • Recent developments in Maldives exemplifying recalibration of ties
    • FTA Between China and Maldives – Warning For India
  • India-Srilanka
    • Sino-Sri Lanka Relationship
    • Fishermen issue
    • Issues on 13thamendment (Tamil & Minority Rights)
    • Human Right violations & OHCHR Resolution on Sri Lanka
  • Indian Ocean Region
    • Indian Ocean region and world affairs
    • India is a “Net Security Provider” of the Indian Ocean
    • Increasing Chinese influence in the Indian Ocean
    • 20 years of formation of IORA
    • Piracy in the Indian Ocean
    • Seychelles’ parliament refusal to ratify an Indian naval base plan on the Assumption Island         
    • Importance of Seychelles to India
  • Indo-Pacific
    • Concept of Indo-Pacific from perspectives different countries
    • East Asia Summit acts as a bridge for Indo-Pacific region
    • India-Pacific Regional Dialogue
  • SAARC/BIMSTEC/BBIN
    • SAARC: Challenges and Prospects
    • Intra-low regional trade
    • BIMSTEC as an alternative to SAARC
    • Nepal withdrew from first ever BIMSTEC’s military drill in India.
    • Progress of BBIN project
  • Global Issues
    • Disarmament
    • Climate Change
    • Terrorism
    • Global Governance
    • Indian Diaspora

INDIA AND EXTENDED NEIGHBOURHOOD

  • India-Indonesia
    • Indonesia’s vision as a “Global Maritime Axis.” and it’s significance for India
  • India-Singapore
    • India-Singapore Bilateral Agreement for naval cooperation
  • Thailand
    • Indo-Thai relations: Challenges & opportunities
  • India-Vietnam
    • India -Vietnam’s strategic cooperation
  • India-ASEAN
    • Importance of ASEAN in establishing peace and stability in region
    • ASEAN-India Relations: Prospects and Challenges in Economic Partnership
    • India’s cooperation with the ASEAN has been less than China and Japan

CENTRAL ASIA

  • Connect Central Asia Policy
    • Importance of central Asia
    • Golden Crescent
    • Connectivity Projects (INSTC, Ashgabat Agreement, TAPI Pipeline)
  • India Mongolia
    • India-Mongolia Bilateral Cooperation
    • Mongolia launched construction of first strategically oil refinery,  constructed by India

WEST ASIA/MIDDLE EAST

  • Importance of West Asia for India
  • Change in West Asian strategic thinking
  • China’s engagement in West Asia and challenges to India
  • Reasons behind India’s active strategic engagements with West Asian countries  without participating in West Asian turmoil
  • Shia-Sunni wedge in West Asian countries
  • Importance of Saudi Arabia, Challenges  in India-Saudi Arabia Relations
  • Plight on Indian migrant workers.
  • Relations between India and United Arab Emirates
  • Middle East to India Deep water Pipeline (MEIDP)
  • India-Iran
    • Consolidating India-Iran Cooperation
    • Connectivity- Importance of Chabahar port
    • Iran nuclear deal: Iran Sanctions & India’s Options
  • India Israel:
    • From ‘in the closet’ into a fast-developing open relationship
    • strategic significance of the Indo-Israeli relationship
    • De-hyphenation of Israel and Palestine

INDIA AND WORLD

  • India-Africa
    • India-Africa Trade relations: Prospects
    • Contribution of Indian Diaspora in various fields in Africa.
    • African cooperation in ensuring security and peace in the Indian Ocean region
    • India’s Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in Africa’s hydrocarbon sector.
    • Strategic Partnership between India and South Africa
  • India-Europe
    • The first India-Nordic Summit
    • What is GDPR? its implication for India’s
    • influx of refugees into Europe
    • irritants between India-EU (FTA)
    • A new European Union strategy for India
    • Ukrainian Crisis’ has lead to resurgence of cold war
    • Brief on India-UK relations
    • Brief on India-France relations
  • India and USA
    • Brief of India-US relations
    • Mutually supportive Defence cooperation relationship
    • logjams in implementation of civil nuclear cooperation agreement between India and the USA
    • Bilateral Social Security Agreements
    • The rise of protectionist regime in USA and the challenges for the Indian
    • Importance of New Security strategy (NSS) of USA for India
    • Recent US extraterritorial Sanctions and their potential impacts on India
    • Potential impact of US sanctions towards Russia, Iran and North Korea using CAATSA on US-India relation,
    • USA pulls out of INF treaty-Its implication for India
    • Pivot to the East policy of the USA
    • The Arithmetic of India-U.S. Relations and the Russian Factor
    • The First India-US 2+2 Dialogue: An Assessment
    • Challenges in Implementing JCPOA after the US Withdrawal
    • LEMA-Logistics Exchange Memorandum of Agreement
    • Visa, Free Trade and WTO
  • India-Canada
    • Uranium Deal
  • India-Russia
    • India’s increasing defence deal with USA, Israel
    • Russian arms deal with Pakistan
    • Stagnation between India-Russia Relations
    • Russian proposal of ‘Eurasian Economic Union
  • India-Japan
    • Japan’s funding of major projects in India
    • Nuclear Pact
    • Japan’s Pacifism
    • 13th annual India – Japan summit
  • India-Australia
    • Australia’s “An India Economic Strategy to 2035”, a vision document
    • Nuclear cooperation between India- Australia

INTERNATIONAL ORGANISATON AND GLOBAL ISSUES

  • United Nation and UNSC
    • UNSC Reforms : Importance and Challenges
  • BRICS
    • Advantages of setting up the New Development Bank
    • Prospects and Challenges of BRICS
  • Commonwealth
    • Shared history of Commonwealth
    • Relevance in current time and Areas of Cooperation
  • Shanghai Cooperation Organization
    • Benefits and challenges of India’s entry in SCO
  • IMF – The International Monetary Fund:
    • issues concerning the reforms in Bretton Wood twins and needs structural reforms to reflect post globalization  realities of the world
  • NATO – The North Atlantic Treaty Organization:
    • Relevance of NATO in post USSR era
  • TPP – The Trans-Pacific Partnership:
    • Will RCEP prove to be a competitor of TPP in the Asia-Pacific region
  • WTO – The World Trade Organization:
    • Doha round and Singapore Agenda: Challenges in implementation         
    • USA-India dispute
    • Need to revamp WTO
  • Arctic Council:
    • Arctic is attracting global interest
  • IAEA
    • India’s nuclear facilities under IAEA safeguards
  • UK Referendum – Brexit
    • Consequences of Brexit for United Kingdom and European Union,
    • Effect of Brexit on China and India
  • Refugee problem:
    • Does the world need a new UN convention on refugees
    • United Nations member states (except the U.S. and Hungary) agreed on a Global Compact for Migration to better manage international migration
  • Terrorism:
    • Reasons of rise of far right wing politics in many developed and developing countries
    • The Comprehensive Convention on  International Terrorism (CCIT)
    • UNSC’s 1267 Al Qaeda Sanctions 
      Committee on Jaish-e-Mohammad Chief Masood Azhar        
    • Security Council Resolution 2322 to   enhance the efficacy of international  legal and judicial systems
    • Lone-wolf attacks.
  • Yemen Crisis-
    • Yemen Crisis: Reasons and impacts
  • South China Sea
    • Contention over South China Sea and South China Sea Ruling
    • Senkaku and Diaoyu conflict between China and Japan
    • Role of India in the wake of increasing South China Sea dispute
  • Other
    • World coming towards a new multi-polar order with USA as a waning superpower and China-Russia axis as an emerging challenger
    • India and the International Solar Alliance
    • Venezuela-Columbia Border Issue
    • AIIB & The Changing World Order
    • Multilateral export control regimes : Significance and challenges of India’s Entry
    • US-Venezuela Stand-off : Impact on Global Oil Prices
    • Renaissance and Reticence in India’s            North-South Connectivity Platform
    • Strategic Petroleum Reserves: Stocking  Oil for Rainy Days
    • QUAD: Strategic and economic benefits
    • India has been accorded associate member status by IEA,: Its importance for India
    • Why RIC is as important to India as JAI and BRICS?
    • Rising Protectionism and Currency Wars
  • Indian Diaspora
    • Role played by Indian Diaspora
    • Issue of safety of Indians abroad
    • Schemes for Welfare of Overseas Indian
    • Indian Diaspora in Gulf
  • Nitaqat law and Present Status

Contemporary Issues

FOREIGN POLICY OF INDIA

  • Foreign Policy of India
  • Virtue of Soft Power
  • Middle Power Coalition
  • Terrorism
  • Appendix: Global Terrorism Index 2017
  • Diplomacy of Buddhism
  • Indian Navy at the Front Seat of Indian Foreign Policy 
  • Indian Diaspora
  • Indian Diaspora in Gulf

NEIGHBOURS

  • India’s Neighbourhood Policy
  • China
  • South China Sea ruling
  • Water Diplomacy through Dams
  • Chumbhi Valley and Doklam Plateau
  • Why China is Winning over India’s Neighbors?  
  • India, China ink first-ever Internal Security Cooperation Agreement
  • Nepal
  • Rebooting India Nepal Ties
  • Nepal Withdrew From First Ever BIMSTEC’s military drill in India
  • Pakistan
  • Shift Indus Waters Treaty Policy
  • Afghanistan
  • Heart of Asia Conference
  • Sri Lanka
  • Bangladesh
  • Myanmar
  • Maldives
  • FTA between China and Maldives – Warning for India
  • Bhutan

BILATERAL RELATIONS

  • Act East Policy
  • Australia
  • Indonesia
  • Singapore
  • South Korea
  • Thailand
  • Vietnam
  • Philippines
  • Iran
  • Saudi Arabia
  • U AE
  • Slowdown in West Asia
  • Return of Retrenched Workers
  • Race for Resources in Central Asia
  • Kazakshtan
  • Mongolia
  • Island Nations
  • Africa
  • Nigeria

GLOBAL POWERS

  • USA
  • A new European Union strategy for India
  • Germany
  • Japan
  • Appendix: Asia-Africa Growth Corridor (AAGC)
  • France
  • Russia
  • Decline in Indo-Russia Relations
  • Why RIC is as important to India as JAI and BRICS?                
  • UK
  • Brazil
  • Israel
  • India’s De-hyphenated Policy

INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS & AGREEMENT

  • IMF
  • World Bank
  • WTO
  • G-20
  • ASEAN
  • BIMSTEC
  • Indian Ocean region and world affairs
  • BRICS
  • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank
  • Trans Pacific Partnership (TPP)
  • Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership and India
  • Multilateral Negotiations for a Nuclear Weapons Ban 
  • Wassenaar Arrangement and India
  • India Admitted to Australia Group
  • IAEA
  • Nuclear Security Summit
  • Non-Alignment Movement (NAM)
  • UNSC Reform

GLOBAL ISSUES

  • International Terrorism
  • Migration Crisis in Europe
  • Rising Protectionism and Currency Wars
  • Greek Debt Crisis
  • Iran Nuclear Deal
  • US Sanctions on Iran
  • Global Initiative Launched to Fight Fake News
  • What does US Recognition of Jerusalem Means?
  • YEMEN WAR and Implications
  • Why Saudi Arabia is Moving Towards Reforms?
  • Rohingya Repatriation Deal Signed